Amur

/ah moor"/; Russ. /u moohrdd"/, n.
a river in E Asia, forming most of the boundary between N Manchuria and the SE Russian Federation, flowing into the Sea of Okhotsk. ab. 2700 mi. (4350 km) long. Chinese, Heilong Jiang.

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Russian  Amurskaya 

      oblast (province), far eastern Russia. It occupies the basins of the middle Amur River and its tributary the Zeya and extends up to the crest of the Stanovoy Range. In 1689 Russia yielded the Amur region to China by the Treaty of Nerchinsk (Nerchinsk, Treaty of), but Russian Cossacks reincorporated it in the latter part of the 19th century. Amur oblast was formed in 1932 from Khabarovsk kray (region), and its present boundaries were established in 1948.

      The southern part of the oblast, the fertile, black-earth lowland of the Zeya-Bureya Plain, is now largely under cultivation. The higher north and east are almost entirely forested. Most of the population is Russian; the largest of the indigenous groups are the Sakha (Yakut) and Evenk. The chief city and administrative centre is Blagoveshchensk. Wheat is the dominant crop of the lowland. Soybeans, sunflowers, and flax are the main industrial crops. Open-pit coal mining is carried on in the south around Raychikhinsk, and gold and iron ore are found farther north. There is also some timber production. The Zeya dam and hydroelectric station on the Zeya River, completed in 1978 with a rated capacity of 1,260 megawatts, was surpassed by the Bureya dam and 1,700-megawatt hydroelectric station, which began operation in 1994.

      River navigation is important during the summer. The Trans-Siberian Railroad has crossed the region since 1916, and another major railroad, the BAM (Baikal-Amur Magistral), was constructed in the 1980s. Area 140,400 square miles (363,700 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 881,091.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amur — (chin.: Heilong Jiang) DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amur —   der, chinesisch Heilong Jiang [ dʒ ], Heilungkiang, mongolisch Chara Muren, Strom in Ostasien, entsteht aus dem Zusammenfluss von Schilka und Argun, mündet nach 2 824 km Lauflänge gegenüber dem Nordteil der Insel Sachalin in den Amurliman, den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • amur — àmūr m <G amúra> DEFINICIJA zool. slatkovodna riba koštunjača (Ctenopharyngodon idella); živi u Amuru i nekim njegovim pritocima, uzgaja se i u ribnjacima [bijeli amur; crni amur] ETIMOLOGIJA prema rijeci Amur, v …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Amur — (Sachalin Ula), Fluß Ostasiens, entsteht aus der Vereinigung der in den Ausläufern des Jablonoigebirges entspringenden Schilka und des Argun, der bis dahin die Grenze zwischen Sibirien und der Mandschurei bildet, unter 53°20´ nördl. Br. und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amúr — Amúr, mandschurisch Sachalin ula, Strom Ostasiens, entsteht aus der Vereinigung von Schilka und Argun und mündet in den Amur Liman der Insel Sachalin gegenüber. Mit Argun 4478 km lg. Flußgebiet 2 Mill. qkm, die Hälfte auf Rußland. Nebenflüsse:… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amur — Amur, 1) (tungus. Schilkar [d.i. Langlauf], mandsch. Sachalian Ula [d.i. schwarzer Fluß], chines. Helong Kiang [d.i. Drachenfluß]), zwischen China u. Rußland, entspringt aus dem auf der Grenze der Mandschurei erfolgenden Zusammenflusse der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amur — Amur, bei den Chinesen Helongkiang, entspringt in der Mongolei in den Kinghaubergen, bildet auf eine weite Strecke die Gränze Rußlands und der chines. Mandschurei, durchfließt hierauf diese, wendet sich dann nördlich dein Meere von Ochotzk zu,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • àmūr — m 〈G amúra〉 zool. slatkovodna riba koštunjača (Ctenopharyngodon idella); živi u Amuru i nekim njegovim pritocima, uzgaja se i u ribnjacima [bijeli ∼; crni ∼] …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Amur — Àmur (kin. Heilong Jiang) m DEFINICIJA geogr. rijeka u I Aziji, duljina 2980 km, utječe u Tatarski prolaz …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • amur — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mż I, Mc. amururze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} duża ryba (ponad metr długości) spokrewniona z karpiem, roślinożerna, żyjąca w chińskich rzekach oraz w Amurze; hodowana również w Polsce ze względu na bardzo smaczne mięso <od… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Amur — [auch a mu:ɐ̯], der; [s] (asiatischer Fluss) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

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