- /euhm rit"seuhr/, n.a city in NW Punjab, in NW India: site of the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion. 432,663.
* * *▪ Indiacity, northern Punjab state, northwestern India. It lies about 15 miles (25 km) east of the border with Pakistan. Amritsar is the largest and most important city in Punjab and is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikhs' principal place of worship—the Harimandir, or Golden Temple.Amritsar was founded in 1577 by Ram Das (Rām Dās), fourth Guru of the Sikhs, on a site granted by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Ram Das ordered the excavation of the sacred tank, or pool, called Amrita Saras (“Pool of Nectar”), from which the city's name is derived. A temple was erected on an island in the tank's centre by Arjun, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1801–39), the upper part of the temple was decorated with a gold-foil-covered copper dome, and since then the building has been known as the Harimandir. Amritsar became the centre of the Sikh faith, and, as the centre of growing Sikh power, the city experienced a corresponding increase in trade. It was annexed to British India in 1849.A short distance away from the Golden Temple is a spacious park, Jallianwalla Bagh, where on April 13, 1919, British colonial government troops fired on a crowd of unarmed Indian protesters, killing 379 of them and wounding many more. The site of the Amritsar Massacre (Amritsar, Massacre of), as this incident is now called, is a national monument. Another violent political clash took place in Amritsar in 1984, when troops of the Indian army attacked hundreds of Sikh separatists who had taken up positions in, and heavily fortified, the Golden Temple. Conflicting reports indicated that between 450 and 1,200 persons were killed before the Sikh extremists were evicted from the temple.Amritsar is a centre for the textile and chemical industries and also engages in food milling and processing, silk weaving, tanning, canning, and the manufacture of machinery. The city lies on the main highway from Delhi to Lahore, Pak., and is a major rail hub. An airport is nearby. Amritsar is home to Guru Nanak Dev University, which was founded in 1969 as the leading educational centre of the Sikhs. Medical, dental, arts, and technical colleges are also located in Amritsar, and Khalsa College (1899) lies just outside the city. In the newer, northern section of the city is the Ram Bagh, a large, well-maintained park that contains the summer palace of Ranjit Singh. Pop. (2001) 966,862.
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Amritsar — Le Harmandir Sâhib la nuit Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Amritsar — Amritsar … Deutsch Wikipedia
Amritsar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Templo Dorado, en Amritsar. Amritsar (punjabi: ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ, hindi: अमृतसर), que quiere decir El Estanque del Néctar de la Inmortalidad, … Wikipedia Español
AMRITSAR — Ville de l’Inde, située au Pendjab, sur les grands cônes de piémont irrigués, tout près de la frontière indo pakistanaise. La principale originalité d’Amritsar est son rôle de capitale religieuse pour la communauté des sikhs. Le nom d’Amritsar… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Amritsar — Amritsar is the sacred city of the SIKHS, located in Punjab state. The land was given to the fourth Sikh guru Ramdas by the Muslim Mughal emperor Akbar, and Ramdas shortly thereafter, in 1577, founded a city there. The city was built around a… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Amritsar — (»Teich der Unsterblichkeit«), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Division (13,866 qkm mit 2,729,109 Einw.) in der indobrit. Provinz Pandschab, Knotenpunkt der Eisenbahnen Kalkutta Peschawar, A. Multan Karatschi und A. Pathankot, zwischen den Flüssen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Amritsar — (engl. Amritsir, Umritsir), früher Ramdaspur, Stadt in der Div. Dschalandar des indo brit. Pandschab, (1901) 162.429 E., verteidigt durch die Festung Gobindgarh, Mittelpunkt des Handels (bes. Kaschmirschals), wie der Religion und der… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Amritsar — [äm rit′sər, umrit′sər] city in W Punjab, NW India: pop. 709,000 … English World dictionary
Amritsar — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type = city locator position = right native name = Amritsar state name = Punjab skyline = Golden Temple India.jpg skyline caption = Nightview of the Harmandir Sahib(Golden Temple In English) latd = 31.64 longd = 74.86… … Wikipedia
Amritsar — Original name in latin Amritsar Name in other language ATQ, Amritsar, Amritsar amritasara, Amritsar Amritsaras, amritasara, amritcar, amrtasara, amuritosaru, Амритсар, Амрітсар State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 31.63661 latitude … Cities with a population over 1000 database