America's Cup

1. an international yachting trophy, originally offered as the Hundred Guinea Cup in 1851, but renamed for the yacht America, winner of it that year.
2. the yacht race itself, the oldest and most prestigious event in international sailing, now restricted to 12-meter yachts.

* * *

Most prestigious trophy in international yachting competition.

First offered under another name in Britain in 1851, the cup was won easily by the America from New York and subsequently became known as the America's Cup. The America's Cup race, held about every four years, is between one defending vessel and one challenging vessel; each must be designed and built in the country it represents. The 22.6-mi (36.4-km) racecourse is divided into eight legs. The U.S. completely dominated the competition until 1983, when it was defeated by Australia. New Zealand won the Cup in 1995 and retained it in 2000 by defeating a challenger from Italy in the first competition without a U.S. participant.

* * *

▪ yacht race and trophy
 one of the oldest and best-known trophies in international sailing yacht competition. It was first offered as the Hundred Guinea Cup on Aug. 20, 1851, by the Royal Yacht Squadron of Great Britain for a race around the Isle of Wight. The cup was won by the America, a 100-foot (30-metre) schooner from New York City, and subsequently became known as the America's Cup. The American winners of the cup donated it to the New York Yacht Club in 1857 for a perpetual international challenge competition. In 1987 the San Diego Yacht Club took control of the U.S. (United States) competition.

 Since the 1920s the America's Cup race has been between one defending vessel and one challenging vessel, both of which are determined in separate series of elimination trials. Each competing vessel must be designed, built, and, insofar as possible, outfitted solely in the country that it represents. The original terms of the America's Cup donation imposed many disadvantages on challenging yachts. Not until 1956 was a clause eliminated that required a challenger to sail on its own bottom to the scene of the contest, forcing a heavier style of construction than that of the defender. Until 1995, the America's Cup competition was a best four of seven races; from that year it required five of nine races to win. From 1958 to 1987 each race was run over a six-leg 24-mile (39-kilometre) course by yachts of the so-called 12-metre class. (No measurement on the 12-metre yacht was actually 12 m. The “12” was a result of a complicated mathematical formula used in the yacht's construction.) In 1983, after American yachts (sponsored by the New York Yacht Club) had successfully defended the cup 24 times without a loss since the first defense in 1870, the Australian yacht Australia II won the cup. In the next race, in 1987, the Americans (now from San Diego) regained the cup. The controversial race of 1988, between the winning American 60-foot (18-metre) catamaran and a New Zealander 132-foot (40-metre) monohull, had to be decided in the courts and provoked a redefinition of the rules governing future races. For 1992, a new and faster yacht was designated as the International America's Cup Class (IACC)—75 feet (23 m) in overall length—to race over an eight-leg 22.6-mile (36.4-kilometre) course. The 1995 event was run over a six-leg, 18.55-nautical-mile (34.4-kilometre) course. It was won by the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron, only the second victory by a non-American challenger in the history of the competition. The skipper of the New Zealand victory in 1995 was Russell Coutts, who also led New Zealand to a win in 2000; Coutts, skippering for a Swiss team, won a third consecutive victory in 2003. In 2007 the Swiss team, with Brad Butterworth as skipper, defended its title. See also yacht.

       America's Cup Table For a list of America's Cup winners, see table (America's Cup).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • America's Cup —   [ə merɪkəz kʌp], Segeln: bedeutendster Wettbewerb des Hochseesegelns um einen 1851 von Königin Viktoria von Großbritannien gestifteten Pokal, der zunächst »100 Guineas Cup« genannt wurde; von der amerikanischen Jacht »America« im gleichen Jahr… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • America's Cup — coupe remise en 1851 par la reine Victoria au voilier américain America qui avait remporté une course autour de l île de Wight. Depuis, le New York Yacht Club organise tous les 4 ans une épreuve de voile récompensée par cette coupe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • America's Cup — America s Cup, the a sailing competition in which teams from the US, Australia, and other nations compete …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • America's Cup — Infobox sports league logo=America s Cup.jpg caption=The America’s Cup Trophy sport=Sailing founded=1851 teams=13 (2009?) country= International ESP (2009 Host) champion=flagicon|Switzerland Alinghi website=http://www.americascup.comThe America’s …   Wikipedia

  • America's Cup — Logo des America’s Cup USA 87, die Yacht der Mannschaft BMW Oracle Racing …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • America’s Cup — Logo des America’s Cup U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • America's Cup — /əmɛrɪkəz ˈkʌp/ (say uhmerikuhz kup) noun 1. a perpetual international challenge competition for 12 metre yachts. 2. the trophy awarded for winning this competition. {named after the schooner America, which won the trophy (originally called the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • America's Cup — Trophy Tro phy, n.; pl. {Trophies}. [F. troph[ e]e (cf. It. & Sp. trofeo), L. tropaeum, trophaeum, Gr. ?, strictly, a monument of the enemy s defeat, fr.? a turn, especially, a turning about of the enemy, a putting to flight or routing him, fr. ? …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • America's Cup — Coupe de l America Pour les articles homonymes, voir America et Copa América. La goélette America La Coupe de l A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • America's Cup — 1. an international yachting trophy, originally offered as the Hundred Guinea Cup in 1851, but renamed for the yacht America, winner of it that year. 2. the yacht race itself, the oldest and most prestigious event in international sailing, now… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.