- /al'teuh mear"euh/; Sp. /ahl'tah mee"rddah/, n.a cave in northern Spain, near Santander, noted for its Upper Paleolithic polychrome paintings of bison, deer, and pigs.
* * *Cave near Santander, northern Spain, famous for its magnificent prehistoric paintings and engravings.The paintings, dating to 14,000–12,000 BC, were first described in 1880. Altamira cave is 890 ft (270 m) long. The roof of the main chamber is covered with paintings, chiefly of bison, in vivid red, black, and violet. Other figures, in a simpler style, include wild boars, horses, and a hind, as well as eight engraved anthropomorphic figures and various handprints and hand outlines. Engraved artifacts and other material remains suggest that the site may have been a centre for seasonal gatherings. See also Magdalenian culture; rock art.
* * *cave in northern Spain famous for its magnificent prehistoric paintings and engravings (engraving). It is situated 19 miles (30 km) west of the port city of Santander, in Cantabria provincia. Altamira was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985.The cave, discovered by a hunter in 1868, was visited in 1876 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola (Sautuola, Marcelino de), a local nobleman. He returned in 1879 to excavate the floor of the cave's entrance chamber, unearthing animal bones and stone tools. On one visit in the late summer, he was accompanied by his eight-year-old daughter, Maria, who first noticed the paintings of bison on the ceiling of a side chamber. Convinced of the antiquity of the paintings and the objects, Sanz de Sautuola published descriptions of his finds in 1880. Most prehistorians of the time, however, dismissed the paintings as modern forgeries, and it was not until the end of the 19th century that they were accepted as genuine.The Altamira cave is 971 feet (296 metres) long. In the vestibule numerous archaeological remains from two main Paleolithic (Paleolithic Period) occupations—the Solutrean (about 21,000 to 17,000 years ago) and the Magdalenian (Magdalenian culture) (about 17,000 to 11,000 years ago)—were found. Included among these remains were some engraved animal shoulder blades, one of which has been directly dated by radiocarbon (carbon-14 dating) to 14,480 years ago. The lateral chamber, which contains most of the paintings, measures about 60 by 30 feet (18 by 9 metres), the height of the vault varying from 3.8 to 8.7 feet (1.2 to 2.7 metres); the artists working there were thus usually crouched and working above their heads, never seeing the whole ceiling at once. The roof of the chamber is covered with paintings and engravings, often in combination—for example, the bison figures that dominate were first engraved and then painted. These images were executed in a vivid bichrome of red and black, and some also have violet tones. Other featured animals include horses and a doe (8.2 feet [2.5 metres] long, the biggest figure on the ceiling), as well as other creatures rendered in a simpler style. Numerous additional engravings in this chamber include eight anthropomorphic figures, some handprints, and hand stencils. The other galleries of the cave contain a variety of black-painted and engraved figures. In many cases the creator of the images exploited the natural contours of the rock surface to add a three-dimensional quality to the work.The black paint used in the drawings was determined to be composed largely of charcoal, which can be radiocarbon dated. By the turn of the 21st century, this method had been applied to several images on the Altamira ceiling. Scientists now believe the ceiling paintings date from c. 14,820 to 13,130 years ago. In July 2001 an exact facsimile of the cave's decorated chamber, entrance chamber, and long-collapsed mouth was opened to the public at the site.
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Altamira — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Altamira puede referirse a: la cueva o cuevas de Altamira, donde se encuentran importantes muestras de arte rupestre prehistórico en Cantabria (España); el museo de Altamira en Santillana del Mar, junto a las cuevas… … Wikipedia Español
Altamira — bezeichnet: eine Höhle mit steinzeitlichen Abbildungen in der spanischen Provinz Santander, siehe Höhle von Altamira eine Stadt in der domikanischen Provinz Puerto Plata, siehe Altamira (Puerto Plata) eine Gemeinde im brasilianischen Bundesstaat… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Altamira — could mean any of the following:;localities *Altamira (cave), a cave in Cantabria, Spain, famous for its cave paintings, and carving *Altamira, Tamaulipas, a port city in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas *Altamira (Caracas) a neighborhood in… … Wikipedia
Altamira FC — Voller Name Altamira Fútbol Club Gegründet 2001 Stadion … Deutsch Wikipedia
ALTAMIRA — La grotte d’Altamira, près de Santillana del Mar (province de Santander), est la plus célèbre de toutes les grottes ornées d’Espagne: peu de grottes découvertes ultérieurement peuvent rivaliser avec ses peintures pariétales, chef d’œuvre de l’art … Encyclopédie Universelle
Altamira B&B — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Di S. Tommaso D Aquino 90, Трионфале, 00136 Рим … Каталог отелей
Altamira TV — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Altamira Televisión S.L. se constituye como tal en el ultimo trimestre de 2003, como consecuencia del desarrollo de un profundo plan de márketing elaborado con la aportación de los conocimientos profesionales… … Wikipedia Español
Altamira — Altamȋra ž DEFINICIJA geogr. pov. špilja u S Španjolskoj čuvena po crtežima divljih životinja i nekih antropomorfnih likova iz starijeg kamenog doba, o. 25.000 pr. Kr.; najstariji spomenik likovne umjetnosti … Hrvatski jezični portal
Altamira — [äl΄tä mē′rä] complex of caves in N Spain, near Santander, containing Paleolithic drawings … English World dictionary
Altamira — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Altamira (homonymie). Grotte d’Altamira et art rupestre paléolithique du nord de l’Espagne * … Wikipédia en Français
Altamira — 1 Original name in latin Altamira Name in other language ATM, Al tamira, Альтамира State code BR Continent/City America/Santarem longitude 3.20333 latitude 52.20639 altitude 101 Population 70888 Date 2012 08 03 2 Original name in latin Altamira… … Cities with a population over 1000 database