alkyl group

any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1, derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons, as the methyl group, CH3-, or ethyl group, C2H5-. Also called alkyl radical.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • alkyl group — noun any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons • Syn: ↑alkyl, ↑alkyl radical • Derivationally related forms: ↑alkylic (for: ↑alkyl) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • alkyl group — /ˈælkəl grup/ (say alkuhl groohp) noun a univalent group formally derived from an alkane by removal of a hydrogen atom, having the general formula CnH2n+1. Also, alkyl radical. {alk(ali) + yl} …   Australian English dictionary

  • alkyl group — any of a series of univalent groups that are derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons, alkyl radical (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Alkyl cycloalkane — Alkyl cycloalkanes are chemical compounds with an alkyl group with a single ring of carbons to which hydrogens are attached according to the formula :CnH2n. They are named analogously to their normal alkane counterpart of the same carbon count:… …   Wikipedia

  • Alkyl — An alkyl is a univalent radical consisting of carbon and hydrogen atoms, arranged in a chain. The alkyls form a homologous series with the general formula CnH2n+1. They include methyl , CH3· (named after methane ), ethyl (C2H5·), propyl (C3H7·),… …   Wikipedia

  • alkyl radical — noun any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons • Syn: ↑alkyl, ↑alkyl group • Derivationally related forms: ↑alkylic (for: ↑alkyl) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • alkyl — /al keuhl/, Chem. adj. 1. containing an alkyl group. n. 2. an alkyl group. [1880 85; < G, equiv. to Alk(ohol) ALCOHOL + yl YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • alkyl halide — noun organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane • Syn: ↑haloalkane • Hypernyms: ↑organic compound • Hyponyms: ↑haloform * * * noun : a compound (as methyl iodide …   Useful english dictionary

  • alkyl halide — Chem. a compound with the type formula RX, where R is an alkyl group and X is a halogen. [1895 1900] * * * …   Universalium

  • alkyl — adj. containing an alkyl group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

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