alkalosis

alkalotic /al'keuh lot"ik/, adj.
/al'keuh loh"sis/, n. Pathol.
a condition of the blood and other body fluids in which the bicarbonate concentration is above normal, tending toward alkalemia.
[1910-15; ALKAL(I) + -OSIS]

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      abnormally low level of acidity, or high level of alkalinity, in the body fluids, including the blood. Alkalosis may be either metabolic or respiratory in origin. Metabolic alkalosis results from either acid loss (which may be caused by severe vomiting or by the use of potent diuretics (diuretic) [substances that promote production of urine]) or bicarbonate gain (which may be caused by excessive intake of bicarbonate or by the depletion of body fluid volume). Respiratory alkalosis results from hyperventilation, which is often caused by anxiety. Hyperventilation may also be caused by asthma, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and pneumonia. Compare acidosis. (acidosis)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • alkalosis — n. 1. abnormally high alkalinity in the blood and other body fluids. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alkalosis — [al΄kə lō′sis] n. pl. alkaloses [al΄kə lō′sēz΄] [ ALKAL(I) + OSIS] an abnormal condition in the body, often due to faulty metabolism, in which excessive alkali, or a loss of acid, raises the pH of the blood and tissue: cf. ACIDOSIS alkalotic… …   English World dictionary

  • Alkalosis — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD10|E|87|3|e|70 ICD9 = ICD9|276.3 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D000471 Alkalosis refers to a condition reducing hydrogen ion concentration… …   Wikipedia

  • Alkalosis — A dangerous decrease in the normal acidity of the blood. There is too much base in the blood and body. This is a distinctly abnormal condition. It results from the accumulation of base or the depletion of acid. The pH of the alkalotic body… …   Medical dictionary

  • alkalosis — n. a condition in which the alkalinity of body fluids and tissues is abnormally high. This arises because of a failure of the mechanisms that usually maintain a balance between alkalis and acids in the arterial blood (see acid base balance).… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • alkalosis — noun Date: 1911 an abnormal condition of increased alkalinity of the blood and tissues • alkalotic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • alkalosis — noun An abnormally increased alkalinity in the blood …   Wiktionary

  • alkalosis — n. abnormally high level of alkaloids in the blood and tissue (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • alkalosis — [ˌalkə ləʊsɪs] noun Medicine an excessively alkaline condition of the body fluids or tissues, which may cause weakness or cramp …   English new terms dictionary

  • alkalosis — al·ka·lo·sis …   English syllables

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