alder buckthorn

a shrub or small tree, Frangula alnus, of Eurasia and northern Africa, having nonedible red fruit that turns black when ripe.
[1860-65]

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shrub
also called  Alder Dogwood (Rhamnus frangula) 
 woody shrub or small tree, of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to western Asia, Europe, and northern Africa. It has been introduced into North America and other regions, where it is often cultivated as an ornamental. The plant grows rapidly, reaching a height of 5.5 m (about 18 feet); its dark, dense, and lustrous foliage turns yellow in autumn. The alternate, rather oval leaves are 3.75–6 cm (1 1/2–2 1/2 inches) long. Small, white flowers are borne in clusters of 2 to 10. The small fruit turns from red to black. Tallhedge buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula ‘Columnaris') is a horticultural variety grown for its low maintenance and upright form.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • alder buckthorn — paprastasis šaltekšnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šunobelinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Frangula alnus), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir vakarų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Frangula alnus angl. alder… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • alder buckthorn — šaltekšnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šunobelinių (Rhamnaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Frangula). atitikmenys: lot. Frangula angl. alder buckthorn; black alder; buckthorn; dogwood vok. Faulbaum; Pulverholz rus. крушина; крушинник lenk.… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • alder buckthorn — noun small tree common in Europe • Syn: ↑alder dogwood, ↑Rhamnus frangula • Hypernyms: ↑buckthorn * * * noun also alder dogwood Etymology: so called from its occurrence in the neig …   Useful english dictionary

  • alder-buckthorn — alˈder buckˈthorn noun A species of buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) • • • Main Entry: ↑alder …   Useful english dictionary

  • alder buckthorn — al·der buckthorn ȯl dər n a common European tree of the genus Rhamnus (R. frangula) with a bark that has medicinal properties see FRANGULA * * * Rhamnus frangula …   Medical dictionary

  • alder buckthorn — noun a deciduous shrub which bears glossy leaves and black berries. [Frangula alnus.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • European alder buckthorn — paprastasis šaltekšnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šunobelinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Frangula alnus), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir vakarų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Frangula alnus angl. alder… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Alder — Al der ([add]l d[ e]r), n. [OE. aldir, aller, fr. AS. alr, aler, alor, akin to D. els, G. erle, Icel. erlir, erli, Swed. al, Dan. elle, el, L. alnus, and E. elm.] (Bot.) A tree, usually growing in moist land, and belonging to the genus {Alnus}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Buckthorn — Taxobox name = Buckthorn image width = 240px image caption = Alder Buckthorn ( Rhamnus frangula ) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Rosales familia = Rhamnaceae genus = Rhamnus genus authority = L.… …   Wikipedia

  • buckthorn — /buk thawrn /, n. 1. any of several, sometimes thorny trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Rhamnus, esp. R. frangula, the bark of which is used in medicine. Cf. buckthorn family. 2. a tree or shrub belonging to the genus Bumelia, of the… …   Universalium

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