Carducci, Giosuè

Car·duc·ci (kär-do͞oʹchē), Giosuè. 1835-1907.
Italian poet considered the national poet of modern Italy. He won the 1906 Nobel Prize for literature.

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born July 27, 1835, Val di Castello, near Lucca, Tuscany
died Feb. 16, 1907, Bologna, Italy

Italian poet.

He taught literary history in Bologna for 40 years and in later years served as a senator. He opposed the prevailing Romanticism and advocated a return to classical models of prosody, but his rhetorical tirades provoked resistance to reform. His best volumes of verse, The New Lyrics and The Barbarian Odes (1887), contain evocations of landscape, memories of childhood, and representations of the glory of ancient Rome. Regarded in his time as Italy's national poet, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1906.

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▪ Italian poet
born July 27, 1835, Val di Castello, near Lucca, Tuscany [now Italy]
died Feb. 16, 1907, Bologna, Italy

      Italian poet, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1906, and one of the most influential literary figures of his age.

      The son of a republican country doctor, Carducci spent his childhood in the wild Maremma region of southern Tuscany. He studied at the University of Pisa and in 1860 became professor of Italian literature at Bologna, where he lectured for more than 40 years. He was made a senator for life in 1890 and was revered by the Italians as a national poet.

      In his youth Carducci was the centre of a group of young men determined to overthrow the prevailing Romanticism and to return to classical models. Giuseppe Parini, Vincenzo Monti, and Ugo Foscolo were his masters, and their influence is evident in his first books of poems (Rime, 1857; later collected in Juvenilia [1880] and Levia gravia [1868; “Light and Serious Poems”]). He showed both his great power as a poet and the strength of his republican, anticlerical feeling in his hymn to Satan, “Inno a Satana” (1863), and in his Giambi ed epodi (1867–69; “Iambics and Epodes”), inspired chiefly by contemporary politics. Its violent, bitter language reflects the virile, rebellious character of the poet.

      Rime nuove (1887; The New Lyrics) and Odi barbare (1877; The Barbarian Odes) contain the best of Carducci's poetry: the evocations of the Maremma landscape and the memories of childhood; the lament for the loss of his only son; the representation of great historical events; and the ambitious attempts to recall the glory of Roman history and the pagan happiness of classical civilization. Carducci's enthusiasm for the classical in art led him to adapt Latin prosody to Italian verse, and his Odi barbare are written in metres imitative of Horace and Virgil. His research in Italian literature was warmed by his poetic imagination and style, and his best prose works equal his poetry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carducci, Giosue — (1835–1907)    A poet who led Italian letters back to the classical tradition and away from the romanticism of Giacomo Leopardi, Carducci was born in Lucca (Tuscany) but spent almost all of his working life as a professor of rhetoric at Bologna… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Carducci, Giosuè — ► (1835 1907) Escritor y poeta italiano. Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1906. Concebía la poesía como un retorno a la tradición clásica. Su poesía llega a la madurez en Nuevas rimas (1861 87) y Odas bárbaras (1877 89). * * * (27 jul. 1835, Val …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARDUCCI, GIOSUE —    an Italian poet and critic; author of Hymn to Satan, Odi Barbari, Commentaries on Petrarch, &c.; b. 1837 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Carducci, Giosuè — (Valdicastello, Lucca 1835 Bologna 1907) poeta; filologo, storico della letteratura e saggista, protagonista assoluto delle lettere italiane; premio Nobel 1906 …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Giosue Carducci — Giosuè Carducci Giosuè Carducci Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carducci. Giosuè Alessandro Michele Carducci est un poète italien né à Valdicastello, un hameau de Pi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giosuè Carducci — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carducci. Giosuè Alessandro Michele Carducci est un poète italien né à Valdicastello, un hameau de Pietrasanta, le 27 jui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giosue Carducci — Giosuè Carducci Giosuè Carducci (Pseudonym: Enotrio Romano; * 27. Juli 1835 in Valdicastello, heute Pietrasanta, Toskana; † 16. Februar 1907 in Bologna) war ein italienischer Dichter, Redner und Literaturhistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carducci — Giosuè Carducci Giosuè Carducci (Pseudonym: Enotrio Romano; * 27. Juli 1835 in Valdicastello, heute Pietrasanta, Toskana; † 16. Februar 1907 in Bologna) war ein italienischer Dichter, Redner und Literaturhistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giosuè Carducci — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carducci — is a common Italian surname and may refer to:* Bartolomeo Carducci (1560 1610), Florentine artist * Vincenzo Carducci (1568 1638), Florentine artist and brother of Bartolomeo Carducci * Giosuè Carducci (1835 1907), Italian poet * Joe Carducci,… …   Wikipedia

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