Afyon

/ah fyohn"/, n.
a city in W Turkey. 51,660. Also called Afyon Karahisar /kahr'euh hi sahr"/.

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Turkey
formerly  Afyon Karahisar, Afyonkarahisar, or Karahisar-i Sahip,  
      city, western Turkey. It lies along the Akar River at an elevation of 3,392 feet (1,034 m). In ancient times the town was known as Acroënus. It fell to the Seljuq Turks in the 13th century and was renamed Karahisar (“Black Fortress”) after the ancient fortress situated atop a cone of volcanic rock 660 feet (201 m) above the town. The word afyon (“opium”) was subsequently prefixed to the town's name as a reflection of the region's chief product. The town came under Ottoman rule briefly in 1392–1402 and then conclusively in 1428–29. It was heavily damaged in the Turkish War of Independence (1919–22), when it was occupied twice by Greek forces. Historical monuments in Afyon include the partly ruined fortress (the landmark of the town), the 13th-century Ulu Cami (“Great Mosque”), and the Altığöz Bridge built by the Seljuqs. The local archaeological museum is housed in an old theological school. An important railway junction on the İzmir-Ankara line, Afyon is also well-served by highways and air service linking it to all the major towns in Turkey.

      The region surrounding the city has traditionally been the leading opium-poppy-producing area in Turkey. Its other agricultural products include wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, and livestock. Industry is confined to mohair, wool, carpets, cement, and marble. Pop. (1990) 95,643.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afyon — Afyon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afyon — Afyonkarahisar Afyonkarahisar Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • afyon — is., kim., Ar. āfyūn Olgunlaşmamış haşhaş kapsüllerine yapılan çizintilerden sızan, güçlü bir zehir olmakla birlikte içinde morfin, kodein vb. uyuşturucular bulunan madde Birleşik Sözler afyon ruhu Atasözü, Deyim ve Birleşik Fiiller afyon çekmek… …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Afyon — /ah fyohn /, n. a city in W Turkey. 51,660. Also called Afyon Karahisar /kahr euh hi sahr / …   Useful english dictionary

  • Afyon — or Afyonkarahisar geographical name city W central Turkey population 98,618 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Afyon — Puede referirse a: ● Una provincia (ili) de Turquía ● La capital provincial de Turquía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Afyon — Afyonkarahisar …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • AFYON — Lât. Haşhaş sütünün birikmesinden ibaret bir madde …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • Afyon Apartman — (Szigetvár,Венгрия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 7971 Szigetvár, József Attila u. 54., Ве …   Каталог отелей

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