African violet

a popular house plant, Saintpaulia ionantha, of the gesneriad family, having hairy leaves and showy violet, pink, or white flowers.
[1940-45]

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Any plant of the genus Saintpaulia, of the gesneriad family, especially S. ionantha.

African violets are native to high elevations in tropical eastern Africa. They are small, hairy, usually stemless herbaceous plants with crowded, long-stalked leaves. The violet, white, or pink flowers bloom most of the year. They are popular houseplants, and hundreds of varieties have been developed, including half-sized miniatures.

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plant
      flowering plant of the genus Saintpaulia (family Gesneriaceae), especially S. ionantha. The genus consists of about 20 species native to higher elevations in tropical eastern Africa. The plants are small, hairy, usually stemless herbs with crowded, long-stalked leaves.

      African violet flowers are bilaterally symmetrical and violet, white, or pink in colour; they bloom throughout most of the year. Hundreds of horticultural varieties have been developed for their various flower colours and shapes, including half-sized miniatures.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • African violet — African Af ri*can, a. [L. Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.] Of or pertaining to Africa. [1913 Webster] {African hemp}, a fiber prepared from the leaves of the {Sanseviera Guineensis}, a plant found in Africa and India. {African marigold}, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • African violet — n. any of several tropical African plants (genus Saintpaulia) of the gesneria family with violet, white, or pinkish flowers and hairy, dark green leaves, often grown as house plants …   English World dictionary

  • African violet — noun tropical African plant cultivated as a houseplant for its violet or white or pink flowers • Syn: ↑Saintpaulia ionantha • Hypernyms: ↑flower • Member Holonyms: ↑Saintpaulia, ↑genus Saintpaulia * * * noun, pl ⋯ lets [count] …   Useful english dictionary

  • African violet — sanpaulija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šeima. Gesnerijiniai – Gesneriaceae Rich. et Juss. ex DC. atitikmenys: lot. Saintpaulia angl. African violet vok. Saintpaulie rus. сeнполия; сентполия lenk. fiołek; saintpaulia; sępolia …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • African violet — našlaitinė sanpaulija statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Saintpaulia ionantha angl. African violet vok. Usambaraveilchen; veilchenblütige Saintpaulie rus. африканская фиалка; изумбарская фиалка; сентполия фиалковая; сентполия… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • African violet — noun a small East African plant with heart shaped velvety leaves and violet, pink, or white flowers. [Genus Saintpaulia: several species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • African violet — /æfrɪkən ˈvaɪələt/ (say afrikuhn vuyuhluht) noun a plant, Saintpaulia ionantha, with violet, pink, or white flowers, popular in cultivation …   Australian English dictionary

  • African violet — noun Date: 1902 any of several tropical African gesneriads (especially Saintpaulia ionantha) widely grown as houseplants for their velvety fleshy leaves and showy purple, pink, or white flowers …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • African violet — Af′rican vi′olet n. pln a tropical African plant, Saintpaulia ionantha, of the gesneria family, with hairy leaves and purple, pink, or white flowers • Etymology: 1940–45 …   From formal English to slang

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