affricate

n. /af"ri kit/; v. /af"ri kayt'/, n., v., affricated, affricating. Phonet.
n.
1. Also called affricative. a speech sound comprising occlusion, plosion, and frication, as either of the ch-sounds in church and the j-sound in joy.
v.t.
2. to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, esp. by releasing (the stop) slowly.
[1875-85; < L affricatus rubbed against (ptp. of affricare), equiv. to af- AF- + fric- (see FRICTION) + -atus -ATE1]

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also called  semiplosive 

      a consonant sound that begins as a stop (sound with complete obstruction of the breath stream) and concludes with a fricative (sound with incomplete closure and a sound of friction). Examples of affricates are the ch sound in English chair, which may be represented phonetically as a t sound followed by sh; the j in English jaw (a d followed by the zh sound heard in French jour or in English azure); and the ts sound often heard in German and spelled with z as in zehn, meaning ten.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Affricate — Af fri*cate, n. [L. affricatus, p. p. of affricare to rub against; af = ad + fricare to rub.] (Phon.) A combination of a stop, or explosive, with an immediately following fricative or spirant of corresponding organic position, as pf in german… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affricate — [af′ri kit] n. [L affricatus, pp. of affricare, to rub against < ad , to + fricare, to rub: see FRIABLE] Phonet. a complex sound articulated by the slow release of a stop consonant followed immediately by a fricative at the same place of… …   English World dictionary

  • affricate — UK [ˈæfrɪkət] / US noun [countable] Word forms affricate : singular affricate plural affricates linguistics a sound used in speech that is like the ch sound in church or the j sound in judge …   English dictionary

  • affricate — af|fri|cate [ˈæfrıkıt] n technical [Date: 1800 1900; : Latin; Origin: , past participle of affricare to rub against , from ad to + fricare to rub ] a ↑plosive sound such as /t/ or /d/ that is immediately followed by a ↑fricative sound made in the …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • affricate — noun (C) technical a consonant sound consisting of a plosive such as, or, that is immediately followed by a fricative pronounced in the same part of the mouth, such as s or z . The word minds , for example, contains the affricate dz / …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • affricate — af•fri•cate n. [[t]ˈæf rɪ kɪt[/t]] v. [[t] ˌkeɪt[/t]] n. v. cat•ed, cat•ing 1) phn a composite speech sound in which a stop consonant is gradually released with audible friction, as the sound (ch) in church or (j) in judge[/ex] 2) phn to change… …   From formal English to slang

  • affricate — noun Etymology: probably from German Affrikata, from Latin affricata, feminine of affricatus, past participle of affricare to rub against, from ad + fricare to rub more at friction Date: 1891 a stop and its immediately following release into a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • affricate — См. affricata …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • affricate — noun /ˈæf.ɹɪ.kɪt,ˈæf.ɹɪ.kət,ˈæf.ɹɪ.kət,ˈæf.ɹɪ.keɪt/ A sound produced using a combination of a plosive and a fricative. English sounds /t͡ʃ/ (catch) and /d͡ʒ/ (jury) are examples …   Wiktionary

  • affricate — af·fri·cate (afґrĭ kət) a consonantal speech sound made up of a plosive followed by a fricative, such as ch or j. Called also affricative …   Medical dictionary

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