Afar

/ah"fahr/, n., pl. Afars, Afara /euh fahr"euh/, (esp. collectively) Afar for 1.
1. a member of a nomadic Muslim people living in Eritrea, Djibouti, and northern Ethiopia.
2. the Northern Cushitic language spoken by the Afars. Also called Danakil.

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people
Amharic  Adal,  Arabic  Denakil,  
 a people of the Horn of Africa who speak Saho, a language of the Eastern Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) family. They live in northeastern Ethiopia and in Djibouti, where, with the Issas, they are the dominant people. It is thought that the Afars were the first of the present inhabitants of Ethiopia to elaborate their pastoral life into full-scale nomadism, descending from the highlands of southeast Ethiopia and migrating to the stony desert area of Denakil, the name used by surrounding tribes to identify them.

      The Afars' subsistence economy depends on livestock, especially goats, some camels, and, more rarely, cattle. There are some exceptions, such as fishermen in the coastal areas and agriculturalists in the Assau oasis. The Afars also mine and export salt.

      Proud, highly individualistic, and much feared by outsiders, the Afars are organized in patrilineal kin groups. Cooperation in larger units such as subtribe or tribe is induced only by warfare against other tribes or neighbouring peoples. Two distinct classes, the Asaimara (“Red Men”) and the Adoimara (“White Men”), constitute the landowning, titled nobles and the lower-class tenants, respectively.

      Age-sets exist wherein people of the same age group are subject to a chief who settles disputes among them. Beyond this, legal procedure consists of the rules for compensation for adultery—a system of fines to the injured husband or father—and revenge for homicide. Blood feuds are a principal, perennial, and costly occupation, except among the few sultanates, notably at Assau, in which despotic law is backed up with an army.

      The Afars are nominally Muslim, but a minimal level of orthodoxy in practice is attained only in the coastal regions and in the sultanates. The nomads of the interior are lax, and, though they hold Islam in great esteem, their own practices are imbued with the earlier Cushitic religion.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Afar — oder auch (arabisch) Danakil bezeichnet Afar (Volk), ein Hirtennomadenvolk in Nordost Afrika Afar (Sprache), die Sprache dieses Volkes Afar (Region), eine Verwaltungsregion in Äthiopien Afar Dreieck, eine Tiefebene in Äthiopien, Eritrea und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afar — may refer to: *Afar people, who principally reside in Djibouti, Eritrea, and Ethiopia *Afar Insurgency, an Ethiopian civil war of 1991 *Afar Region in Ethiopia *Afar language, one of the East Cushitic languages *Afar Explorer, a US based company… …   Wikipedia

  • AFAR — Installés au nord de la ligne de chemin de fer Djibouti Addis Abeba, les Danakil ou Afar constituent à peu près 35 p. 100 de la population de la république de Djibouti. Mais la majorité d’entre eux sont installés en Éthiopie et en Érythrée. Ils… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Afar — A*far , adv. [Pref. a (for on or of) + far.] At, to, or from a great distance; far away; often used with from preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off. [1913 Webster] The steep where Fame s proud temple shines… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • afar — *afar germ., Adverb, Präposition: nhd. hinter, nach; ne. behind; Rekontruktionsbasis: got., an., as., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *abar; Etymologie: idg …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • afar — [ə fär′] adv. [ME a ferr < a, on + feor, far] Archaic at or to a distance at or to a distance from afar from a distance …   English World dictionary

  • Afar — Afar, afrik. Volk. s.v.w. Danakil …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Afar — Afar,   Eigenbezeichnung für Volk und Sprache der Danakil.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • afar — (adv.) contraction of Middle English of feor (late 12c.), on ferr (c.1300), from O.E. feor far (see FAR (Cf. far)); the a representing both of and on compounds (which meant the same thing). Spelled afer in 14c …   Etymology dictionary

  • afar — [adv] a great distance away distant, far away, far off, remote; concept 778 Ant. close, near …   New thesaurus

  • afar — ► ADVERB chiefly literary ▪ at or to a distance …   English terms dictionary

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