Aetolia


Aetolia
Aetolian, adj., n.
/ee toh"lee euh/, n.
an ancient district in W Greece, now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania. See map under Delphi.
Modern Greek, Aitolía.

* * *

District north of the Gulf of Corinth, ancient Greece.

Aetolia figures prominently in early legend. By 367 BC it had been organized by various tribes into a federal state comprising the Aetolian League. Coming under Roman rule, it was incorporated into the province of Achaea (see Achaean League) in 27 BC by Augustus. Governed later by Albania and Venice, it came under Turkish rule in AD 1450. It was the scene of fierce fighting in the War of Greek Independence (1821–29). Modern Aetolia is linked with Acarnania as a department of Greece.

* * *

also spelled  Aitolia,  

      district of ancient Greece, located directly north of the Gulf of Corinth and bounded by Epirus (north), Locris (east), and Acarnania (west). In modern Greece, Aetolia is linked with Acarnania in the department of Aitolía kai Akarnanía. Aetolia, particularly its cities Pleuron and Calydon, figures prominently in early legend. During the great migrations (1200–1000 BC) most of the region's early inhabitants were displaced; those tribes that remained still lived in open villages under petty kings in the 5th century BC and were dedicated to piracy. Their archers and slingers, however, repulsed an Athenian invasion in 426 BC, and by 367 they had organized into a federal state, the Aetolian League. In 27 BC Augustus incorporated Aetolia into the Roman province of Achaea. In the 15th century AD it passed successively under the rules of Albania, Venice, and, in 1450, Turkey. In the War of Greek Independence (1821–29), it was the scene of fierce fighting, notably the sieges of Mesolóngion (Missolonghi).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aetolia — Αιτωλία Region of Ancient Greece Ancient and modern Thermos, Aetolia   …   Wikipedia

  • Aetolia — [ē tō′lē ə] region of ancient Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth Aetolian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Aetolia — Ätolien steht für Ätolien, antiker Name der zentralgriechischen Region Ätolien Akarnanien, Präfektur in Griechenland (1142) Aetolia, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aetolia — Aetolian, adj., n. /ee toh lee euh/, n. an ancient district in W Greece, now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania. See map under Delphi. Modern Greek, Aitolía …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aetolia — geographical name region W central Greece N of Gulf of Patras & E of Acarnania • Aetolian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aetolia — noun A mountainous region of Greece on the north coast of the , forming the eastern part of the modern prefecture of …   Wiktionary

  • Aetolia — Ae•to•li•a [[t]iˈtoʊ li ə[/t]] n. geg a region in W central Greece Ae•to′li•an, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • Aetolia — /iˈtoʊliə/ (say ee tohleeuh) noun a powerful federal state of ancient Greece …   Australian English dictionary

  • AETOLIA, ab AETOLO — vide infra: qui pulsus â Salmoneo Rege Epeorum et Pisaeorum, huc concessit: auctore Xenophonte, Achaiae regiuncula est, Epiro, Acarnaniae, et Locris finitima. Urbes hîc olim celebres, Chalcis, Arachthe, Olenae, Calydon, Oenei Regis sedes. Populos …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aetolia-Acarnania — Infobox Pref GR name = Aetolia Acarnania name local = Νομός Αιτωλοακαρνανίας periph = West Greece capital = Messolonghi population = 223,188 population as of = 2005 pop rank = 8th pop dens = 40.9 popdens rank = 39th area = 5,460.888 area rank =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.