Aeschines

/es"keuh neez'/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"skeuh-/, n.
389-314 B.C., Athenian orator: rival of Demosthenes.

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born 390 BC
died с 314 BC

Athenian orator.

He and Demosthenes, who later became his bitter opponent, participated in 346 BC in forging a peace between Athens and Macedonia. Demosthenes later accused Aeschines of treason because he had promoted the Macedonian cause during the negotiations. At a trial (343) Aeschines was acquitted by a narrow majority. In 339 he helped incite the war that led to the Battle of Chaeronea and to Macedonian control of central Greece. In 336 he opposed as illegal a motion to honour Demosthenes; the matter came to trial in 330, and Aeschines suffered an overwhelming defeat.

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▪ Greek orator
born 390 BC
died c. 314 BC

      Athenian orator who advocated peace with Philip II of Macedonia and who was a bitter political opponent of the statesman Demosthenes.

      Aeschines was brought up in humble circumstances, and in the early part of his career he worked as a tragic actor and held minor posts in the state service. In 346 BC he, like Demosthenes, was a member of the embassies to Philip II that resulted in the peace of Philocrates between Athens and Macedonia. During the negotiations Aeschines had sought to reconcile the Athenians to Macedonia's expansion into Greece, and consequently, after the peace had been concluded, Demosthenes and Timarchus prepared to prosecute him for treason. In retaliation Aeschines successfully indicted Timarchus for gross immorality, and at his own trial in 343 he was acquitted by a narrow majority.

      In 339, by provoking the council of the Amphictyonic League to declare a sacred war against the town of Amphissa, in Locris, Aeschines gave Philip a pretext on which to enter central Greece as the champion of the Amphictyonic forces. The eventual result was the establishment of Macedonian hegemony over central Greece (including Athens) after the Battle of Chaeronea (338). The bitter hostility between Aeschines and Demosthenes worsened in the years that followed. In 336 Aeschines brought suit against a certain Ctesiphon for illegally proposing the award of a crown to Demosthenes in recognition of his services to Athens. The case, tried in 330, concluded with the overwhelming defeat of Aeschines, largely, no doubt, because of Demosthenes' brilliant speech for Ctesiphon (“On the Crown”). Aeschines left Athens for Rhodes, where he is said to have taught rhetoric.

      Three of his speeches are extant: (1) in accusation of Timarchus; (2) in defense of his own conduct on the embassies to Philip; and (3) in accusation of Ctesiphon. These appear to have been the only speeches he wrote, as opposed to those he delivered extempore. They show a tendency to forthright and forceful expression, free use of rhetorical figures, variety of sentence construction, fondness for poetical quotations, and ready wit.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aeschines — Aeschines. Es gab mehrere berühmte Männer dieses Namens in Athen. Der Redner Aeschines war ein Schüler des Plato, und lebte um s Jahr 350. Damals machte König Philipp von Makedonien Plane, Griechenland zu unterwerfen, und dabei war ihm Alles… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Aeschines — (393–317 v. Chr.), als Redner Nebenbuhler des Demosthenes und Gegner als Staatsmann. Er hielt zu Philipp von Macedonien und verhinderte das ernste Einschreiten der Athener und ihrer Bundesgenossen, bis es zu spät war. Deßwegen mußte er nachher… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aeschines — Aeschines,   attischer Redner, Aischines …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aeschines — [es′ki nēz΄] 389 314 B.C.; Athenian orator …   English World dictionary

  • Aeschines — Infobox Person name= Aeschines caption= Marble bust of Aeschines birth date= 389 BC birth place= Athens death date= 314 BC death place= SamosAeschines (in Greek polytonic|Αἰσχίνης, 389 ndash;314 BC), Greek statesman and one of the ten Attic… …   Wikipedia

  • AESCHINES — I. AESCHINES Atheniensis Orator, Demosthenis aemulus, cuius orationes tres exstant, Charites Graecis, et aliquot epistolae, Musae dictae. Praeter hunc alii septem clarûere. Primus, Philosophus, Socratis discipulus. Secundus, qui artem Oratoriam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aeschines — Aischines (lat. Aeschines) ist der Name folgender Personen: Aischines (Töpfer), ein attischer Töpfer im 6. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Aischines (Athen), ein attischer Redner des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Aischines (Sokratiker) aus Sphettos, ein Schüler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aeschines — biographical name 389 314 B.C. Athenian orator …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aeschines — Aes•chi•nes [[t]ˈɛs kəˌniz[/t]] n. anh big 389–314 b.c., Athenian orator …   From formal English to slang

  • Aeschines — /ˈiskəniz/ (say eeskuhneez) noun 389–314 BC, Athenian orator; rival of Demosthenes …   Australian English dictionary

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