admiralty

/ad"meuhr euhl tee/, n., pl. admiralties, adj.
n.
1. the office or jurisdiction of an admiral.
2. the officials or the department of state having charge of naval affairs, as in Great Britain.
3. a court dealing with maritime questions, offenses, etc.
4. maritime law.
5. the Admiralty, the official building, in London, of the British commissioners for naval affairs.
adj.
6. of or pertaining to admiralty law.
[1300-50; ME amiralty < MF. See ADMIRAL, -TY2]

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(as used in expressions)
admiralty law

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▪ British government
in full  Board Of Admiralty,  

      in Great Britain, until 1964, the government department that managed naval affairs. In that year the three service departments—the Admiralty, the War Office, and the Air Ministry—were abolished as separate departments and merged in a new unified Ministry of Defence, and the Admiralty was renamed the Admiralty Board of the Defence Council.

      England's navy was originally governed by a “great officer of state” called the lord high admiral of England. Early in the 18th century this office was placed in the hands of commissioners known as the Board of Admiralty. The board derived its powers from the royal prerogative; no act of Parliament defined or circumscribed them, except inasmuch as the discipline of the navy was regulated by a Naval Discipline Act. In pure law the members of the Admiralty Board shared a joint and equal responsibility, but an order in council in 1869 conferred upon the first lord of the admiralty overriding powers. He was directly responsible to Parliament for the navy.

      The Admiralty differed from other British service departments in that it functioned as an operational authority, sometimes actually issuing direct orders to ships at sea. In the 20th century there were usually 10 members of the Board of Admiralty; 3 were members of Parliament, 6 were naval officers, and 1 was permanent secretary.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Admiralty — Ad mi*ral*ty, n.; pl. {Admiralties}. [F. amiraut[ e], for an older amiralt[ e], office of admiral, fr. LL. admiralitas. See {Admiral}.] 1. The office or jurisdiction of an admiral. Prescott. [1913 Webster] 2. The department or officers having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • admiralty — ad·mi·ral·ty / ad mə rəl tē/ n: the court having jurisdiction over questions of maritime law; also: maritime law Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Admiralty — bezeichnet: Admiralität (Vereinigtes Königreich) Admiralty Arch, ein 1910 errichteter Triumphbogen in London Admiralty Creek, ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Alaska Admiralty Island, eine Insel im US Bundesstaat Alaska Admiralty Mountains, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • admiralty — (n.) naval branch of English executive, early 15c., from O.Fr. amiralte, from amirail (see ADMIRAL (Cf. admiral)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Admiralty — ► NOUN (pl. Admiralties) ▪ (in the UK) the government department that formerly administered the Royal Navy, now used only in titles …   English terms dictionary

  • admiralty — [ad′mə rəl tē] n. pl. admiralties [ME admiralte < OFr admiralté] 1. the rank, position, or authority of an admiral 2. a) [often A ] the governmental department or officials in charge of naval affairs, as in England b) maritime law or court …   English World dictionary

  • Admiralty — This article is about a former military department of England and later the United Kingdom. For other uses, see Admiralty (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Admiralty — Amirauté (Royaume Uni) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amirauté. L ancien batiment de l amirauté à Londres. L amirauté (en anglais, Admiralty) est l organ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • admiralty — The law of the sea and the practice pertaining thereto. Courts with jurisdiction in admiralty cases. See bottomry bond; court of admiralty; droits of admiralty; general average; high court of admiralty; high seas; libel; lord high admiral;… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Admiralty M — Classe Admiralty M Admiralty M HMS Pasley Histoire …   Wikipédia en Français

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