Adelaide

/ad"l ayd'/, n.
1. a city in and the capital of South Australia, in Australia. 882,520.
2. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "nobility."

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City (pop., 2001: 1,072,585) and capital, South Australia.

Adelaide lies at the base of the Mount Lofty Ranges on the Torrens River, near its harbour facilities at Port Adelaide. Founded in 1837, it was incorporated in 1840 as Australia's first municipal government. Its rise as an agricultural marketing centre and the proximity of natural mineral deposits contributed to its economic growth. It is an industrial centre and has petroleum refineries as well as connections by pipeline to natural gas fields. Landmarks include the University of Adelaide, Parliament House, Government House, and two cathedrals.

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 city and capital of the state of South Australia. Situated at the base of the Mount Lofty Ranges, 9 miles (14 km) inland from the centre of the eastern shore of the Gulf St. Vincent, it has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers (February mean temperature 74 °F [23 °C]), mild winters (July mean 54 °F [12 °C]), and an average annual rainfall of 21 inches (530 mm). The site, chosen in 1836 by William Light (the colony's first surveyor general), is on slightly rising ground along the Torrens River, which divides it into a southern business district and a northern residential section. The city is separated from its suburbs by extensive areas of parklands. Named for Queen Adelaide, consort of the British king William IV, it was incorporated as Australia's first municipal government in 1840, but the city council ran into considerable debt and became defunct in 1843. Adelaide was thereafter controlled by the provincial government until 1849, when a city commission was formed. A municipal corporation was reestablished in 1852, and the city gained a lord mayoralty in 1919.

      The fertility of the surrounding plains, easy access to the Murray lowlands to the east and southeast, and the presence of mineral deposits in the nearby hills all contributed to the city's growth. As an early agricultural marketing centre, it handled wheat, wool, fruits, and wine. Adelaide, aided by its central position and a ready supply of raw materials, has since become industrialized, with factories producing automobile components, machinery, textiles, and chemicals. A petroleum refinery was completed in 1962 at Hallet Cove, south of Adelaide near Port Noarlunga; a second refinery at Port Stanvac operated in the area until it was closed in 2003. Adelaide is connected by pipeline with the Gidgealpa natural-gas fields in Cooper Basin, northeastern South Australia. A focus of rail, sea, air, and road transportation, Adelaide receives the bulk of the products of the lower Murray River valley, which has no port at its mouth. Adelaide's own harbour facilities are at Port Adelaide Enfield, 7 miles (11 km) northwest.

      Notable city landmarks include the University of Adelaide (founded 1874), Parliament and Government houses, the Natural History Museum, the Adelaide Zoo, and two cathedrals—St. Peter's (Anglican) and St. Francis Xavier's (Roman Catholic). The city is also home to Flinders University (1966) and the University of South Australia (1991). The biennial Adelaide Festival of Arts (1960) was the first international celebration of its kind to be held in Australia. Pop. (2006) local government area, 16,659; urban agglom., 1,105,840.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adelaide — Ansicht von Adelaide …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adelaide — Adélaïde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Sens et origine du nom 2 Variantes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ADÉLAÏDE — Capitale de l’Australie Méridionale, Adélaïde (en anglais, Adelaide) a été fondée en 1837 par des colons venus du Royaume Uni (South Australian Association, de E. G. Wakefield). La ville, située au pied des monts Lofty sur le golfe Saint Vincent …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adelaide —   [ ædəleɪd], Hauptstadt des australischen Bundesstaates South Australia, am Torrens River (Saint Vincent Golf), 9 km vom Meer entfernt; (1998) 1,08 Mio. Einwohner (Metropolitan Area), das sind 73,2 % der Bevölkerung von South Australia;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Adélaïde — ist ein weiblicher Vorname Herkunft und Bedeutung Adélaïde ist eine französische Form des Vornamen Adelheid. Namensträgerinnen Adélaïde Hautval (genannt Haïdi Hautval; 1906–1988), französische Psychiaterin und Häftlingsärztin im KZ Auschwitz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ADELAIDE — ADELAIDE, capital of South Australia, established in 1836. Among its first settlers were a number of Jews engaged in commerce and sheep farming. Joseph Barrow Montefiore, a cousin of sir moses montefiore , who became in 1832 the first president… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adelaide [2] — Adelaide, Hauptstadt des britisch austral. Staates Südaustralien, unter 34°57´ südl. Br. und 138°38´ östl. L., schön gelegen am Fuße des Mount Lofty und beiderseits des wasserarmen, hier zu einem großen Becken aufgedämmten Torrensflusses, über… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adelaide — f English (from French Adélaïde): of Germanic origin, composed of the elements adal noble + heid kind, sort. It was borne in the 10th century by the wife of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great. She became regent after his death and was revered… …   First names dictionary

  • Adelaide [2] — Adelaide (spr. lehd), Hauptstadt der brit. Kolonie Südaustralien, am Torrens, (1903) 186.066 E., Universität; Freihafen Port Adelaide, ca. 21.000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adélaïde 90 — est une pièce de théâtre de Robert Lamoureux, mise en scène Francis Joffo, en tournée Herbert Karsenty d octobre à décembre 1989 et au Théâtre Antoine le 13 février 1990. Argument Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adelaide — fem. proper name, from Fr. Adélaide, from a Germanic source, Cf. O.H.G. Adalhaid, from adal noble family (see ATHELING (Cf. atheling)) + heit state, rank, related to O.E. had person, degree, state, nature (see HOOD (Cf. hood)). The first element… …   Etymology dictionary

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