Achaea

/euh kee"euh/, n.
an ancient district in S Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth.

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Modern Greek  Akhaï´a 
 nomós (department) and historic region of Greece on the north coast of the Peloponnese, south of the Gulf of Corinth. In ancient times it was bounded on the west by Elis (modern Ilía), on the south by Mount Erymanthus and Arcadia, and on the east by Sicyon (modern Sikión). The hilly coastal region almost corresponds to the modern nomós of Akhaï´a, whose administrative capital is Pátrai, although the eastern boundary now falls west of Mount Kyllene (Killíni Óros). The highway and railway from Athens to Pátrai follow the north coast of the Peloponnese.

      Early in the 4th century BC the 12 cities of Achaea formed the Achaean League, a military alliance. In Hellenistic times, the league admitted non-Achaean allies and became the chief political power in Greece. It went over to Rome in 198 BC but was dissolved by the Romans in 146 BC, after which it was annexed to the Roman province of Macedonia. In 27 BC it became the centre of the Roman senatorial province of Achaea, which included all of Greece south of Thessaly. After various invasions and dismemberments in the Middle Ages, Achaea was conquered by the Turks in 1460. It was in the monastery of Ayía Lavra near Kalávrita in this province that the standard of the Greek Revolution was raised in 1821. Achaea was liberated from the Turks in 1828.

      The name Achaea was also applied in antiquity to a region west of the Gulf of Pagasae (Pagasitikós Kólpos) in southern Thessaly, which was known as Achaea Phthiotis. Also in Mycenaean times the name referred to the whole Peloponnese. Pop. (2001) nomós, 322,789.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achaea — ACHAEA, Gr. Ἀχαιὰ, ᾶς, ein Beynamen der Ceres, den sie von der Angst und Betrübniß bekommen, als sie ihre Tochter die Proserpina verloren hatte, wie denn ἆχος eben dergleichen Gemüthsbeschaffenheit bedeutet. Gyrald. Synt. XIIII. p. 426. Sie wurde …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Achaea — [ə kā′ə, əkī′əə kē′ə] ancient region in the N Peloponnesus: also Achaia [ə kā′ə, əkī′ə] …   English World dictionary

  • Achaea — Infobox Pref GR name = Achaea name local = Νομός Αχαΐας periph = West Greece capital = Patras population = 331,316 population as of = 2005 pop rank = 5th pop dens = 101.3 popdens rank = 9th area = 3,271.507 area rank = 14th postal code = 25x xx… …   Wikipedia

  • Achaea — Provinz Achaea im Römischen Reich Achaea war eine Provinz des Römischen Reiches. Die Region wurde 146 v. Chr. durch die Römer erobert und gehörte zunächst zur Provinz Macedonia. Unter Augustus wurde am Achaea in der Senatssitzung vom 13. Januar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ACHAEA — I. ACHAEA Ceres cognominata est, Suidâ teste, ab eo luctu et anxietate i. e. ἄχους, quam habuit, dum Proserpinam quaereret. Plut. l. de Isid. et Osir. Baeotii, inquit; Achaeae Cereris aedes movent, eamque festivitatem ἐπαχθῆ nominant, a questu… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Achaea — or Achaia geographical name region S Greece in N Peloponnese bordering on Gulfs of Corinth & Patras • Achaean or Achaian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Achaea — Achaïe Nome d’Achaïe Νομός Αχαΐας Statistiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Achaea — noun A region in the northern head of the Peloponnese that contains mostly mountains. Achaean, inh …   Wiktionary

  • Achaea — dept., N Peloponessus, Greece; 1,146 sq. mi.; pop. 229,000; cap. Patras …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Achaea — n. Achaia, ancient region of south Greece located in the north part of the Peloponnese peninsula …   English contemporary dictionary

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