Acarnania

Acarnanian, adj., n.
/ak'euhr nay"nee euh, -nayn"yeuh/, n.
a coastal region of the W central part of ancient Greece: now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania in modern Greece. Modern Greek, Akarnanía.

* * *

District, ancient Greece, bounded by the Ionian Sea, the Ambracian Gulf, and the Achelous River.

First settled in the 7th–6th centuries BC, it developed into a federal state by the late 5th century BC; its capital was Stratus. It later came under Athenian, Theban, and Macedonian rule. Part of Acarnania recovered its independence in 231 BC and began an alliance with Philip V of Macedon. Rome overthrew the Macedonian dynasty in 167 BC, and Acarnania survived until Augustus incorporated many Acarnanians into his new city Nicopolis Actia.

* * *

      district of ancient Greece bounded by the Ionian Sea, the Ambracian Gulf, Mount Thyamus, and the Achelous River. Corinth founded several colonies on the coast of Acarnania in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. Originally a tribal unit, Acarnania developed into a federal state with generals and other magistrates, a council, and an assembly by the late 5th century; its capital was at the city of Stratus. With Athenian help, in the early years of the Peloponnesian War it repulsed Corinthian and Spartan attacks and enlarged its territory. In 388 it was compelled by Sparta to give up the Athenian alliance. It later came under Athenian, Theban, and Macedonian rule. In 314 the Acarnanians established a confederation of newly founded cities; but frontier disputes with Aetolia culminated in the partition of their country between Aetolia and Epirus (c. 243). The Epirote part of Acarnania recovered its independence in 231 and set up a new confederacy. By allying with Philip V of Macedon, it succeeded in recovering some of its former territory. When Rome overthrew the Macedonian dynasty (167 BC), it deprived Acarnania of Leucas, the capital of the revived confederacy, and compelled it to send hostages to Rome; but the confederacy, with its capital at Thyrrheum, survived until the Roman emperor Augustus incorporated many Acarnanians into his new city, Nicopolis Actia; the rest were included in the province of Achaea.

      In modern Greece, Acarnania is linked with Aetolia in the nomós (department) Aitolía kai Akarnanía.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acarnania — is a region of west central Greece that lies along the Ionian Sea, west of Aetolia, with the Achelous River for a boundary, and north of the gulf of Calydon, which is the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth. Today it forms the western part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Acarnania — constituye la franja costera occidental de la unidad periférica de Etolia Acarnania. Acarnania (en griego moderno, Ακαρνανία Akarnanía ) es una región de Grecia central occidental que se extiende a lo largo del mar Jónico, al oeste de Etolia, con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acarnania — Acarnania, Etolia y ► Ant. comarca de Grecia en la región NO, con costas en el mar Jónico, entre el golfo de Artá y el Aqueloo. * * * Distrito de la Grecia antigua, limitado por el mar Jónico, el golfo de Ambracia y el río Aqueloos. Asentado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ACARNANIA — quae antea Curetis appellata fuit, testibus Pausaniâ et Pliniô l. 4. c. 1. regiuncula et pars Epiri est, mersa medio sinu Ambracio. Plin. l. 2. c. 90. In hâc est oppid. Leucas. Mar. Niger scribit, hodie hanc Despotato vulgo dici. Hanc autem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Acarnania — [ak΄ər nā′nē ə] region on the W coast of ancient Greece …   English World dictionary

  • Acarnania — Acarnanian, adj., n. /ak euhr nay nee euh, nayn yeuh/, n. a coastal region of the W central part of ancient Greece: now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania in modern Greece. Modern Greek, Akarnanía …   Useful english dictionary

  • Acarnania — geographical name region W Greece on Ionian Sea • Acarnanian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Acarnania —    regione storica della Grecia, fra il Mar Jonio, il golfo di Patrasso ed il fiume Acheloo che la divideva dall Etolia. Fu dapprima territorio spartano, poi macedone. Nel 314 a.C. si ricostituì, sotto il controllo macedone, in Stato federale. Fu …   Dizionario dei miti e dei personaggi della Grecia antica

  • Acarnania — Ac•ar•na•ni•a [[t]ˌæk ərˈneɪ ni ə, ˈneɪn yə[/t]] n. geg anh a coastal region in W central Greece, on the Ionian Sea Ac ar•na′ni•an, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • Acarnania — /akaˈnaniə/ (say ahkah nahneeuh), / jə/ (say yuh) noun a district of north western Greece, on the Ionian Sea …   Australian English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.