/ay"beuhl/; for 4 also Norw. /ah"beuhl/, n.
1. the second son of Adam and Eve, slain by his brother, Cain. Gen. 4.
2. Sir Frederick Augustus, 1827-1902, English chemist: inventor of cordite.
3. I. W., 1908-87, U.S. labor leader: president of the United Steelworkers of America 1965-77.
4. Niels Henrik /neels hen"rddik/, 1802-29, Norwegian mathematician.
5. a male given name.

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(as used in expressions)
Gance Abel
Tasman Abel Janszoon

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▪ biblical figure
      in the Old Testament, second son of Adam and Eve, who was slain by his older brother, Cain (Genesis 4:1–16). According to Genesis, Abel, a shepherd, offered the Lord the firstborn of his flock. The Lord respected Abel's sacrifice but did not respect that offered by Cain. In a jealous rage, Cain murdered Abel. Cain then became a fugitive because his brother's innocent blood put a curse on him.

      The storyteller in Genesis assumes a world of conflicting values, and he makes the point that divine authority backs self-control and brotherhood but punishes jealousy and violence. Cain had not mastered sin (v. 7); he had let it master him. The narrator takes a somber look at the human condition, seeing a dangerous world of Cains and Abels. Nevertheless, God is on the side of the martyrs; he avenges their deaths in the ruin of the Cains. In the New Testament the blood of Abel is cited as an example of the vengeance of violated innocence (Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ABEL — Selon le Livre de la Genèse, Abel, le berger, était le second fils d’Adam et d’Ève. Il fut tué par son aîné, Caïn, l’agriculteur, son sacrifice ayant été agréé par Dieu et celui de son frère refusé (IV, 1 9). Il semble qu’il ne faille plus… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ABEL — es la abreviatura de Advanced Boolean Expression Language. Es un lenguaje de descripción de hardware y un conjunto de herramientas de diseño para programar dispositivos lógicos programables (PLDs). ABEL no debe ser confundido con el lenguaje de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Abel — [ā′bəl] n. [L < Gr Abel < ? Heb hevel, lit., breath] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible the second son of Adam and Eve, killed by his brother Cain: Gen. 4 …   English World dictionary

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