aardwolf

/ahrd"woolf'/, n., pl. aardwolves.
a striped, hyenalike mammal, Proteles cristatus, of southern and eastern Africa, that feeds chiefly on insects.
[1825-35; < Afrik erdwolf < D aardwolf, equiv. to aarde EARTH + wolf WOLF]

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mammal
 insectivorous carnivore that resembles a small striped hyena. The shy, mainly nocturnal aardwolf lives on the arid plains of Africa. There are two geographically separate populations, one centred in South Africa and the other in East Africa.

      The aardwolf, whose name in Afrikaans means “earth wolf,” is yellowish with vertical black stripes and a bushy, black-tipped tail. Standing less than half a metre high at the shoulder, it varies in length from 55 to 80 cm (22 to 31 inches) exclusive of the 20- to 30-cm tail. Weight is from 8 to 12 kg (18 to 26 pounds). Like the hyena, it has a long, coarse ridge of erectile hairs along the length of the back, sturdy shoulders, and longer front than hind legs. The aardwolf, however, is less of a runner and has five toes on the front feet instead of four. The skull is not as robust, but the sharp canine teeth and strong jaws characteristic of hyenas are retained and wielded in aggressive interactions. The cheek teeth, however, are mere pegs adequate for crunching its insect diet, which consists almost exclusively of harvester termites (termite). When the aardwolf smells termites or hears the rustle of thousands of them in the grass with its sensitive, pointed ears, it laps them up with its sticky tongue.

      Although aardwolves forage alone, they live in breeding pairs that defend a territory marked by secretions from the anal glands. When attacked they may fight, and a musky-smelling fluid is emitted. Shelters can be holes, crevices, and abandoned porcupine and aardvark burrows, where usually two or three cubs are born during the rainy months, when termites are most active. Cubs are weaned by four months and have left their parents' territory by the time the next litter is born. The aardwolf is most often classified in the family Hyaenidae, but some authorities place it in a family of its own called Protelidae.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • aardwolf — [ärd′woolf΄] n. pl. aardwolves [ärd′woolvz΄] [Afrik, earth wolf] a nocturnal S African carnivore (Proteles cristatus) of the same family as the hyena, that feeds chiefly on termites and insect larvae …   English World dictionary

  • Aardwolf — taxobox name = Aardwolf fossil range = Pleistocene Recent status = LR/lc | status system = IUCN2.3 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Hyaena Specialist Group|year=1996|id=18372|title=Proteles cristatus|downloaded=12 May 2006] image width = 300px… …   Wikipedia

  • aardwolf — aard•wolf [[t]ˈɑrdˌwʊlf[/t]] n. pl. wolves mam a shaggy, striped African carnivore, Proteles cristatus, related to the hyena, that subsists largely on termites and insect larvae • Etymology: 1825–35; < Afrik erdwolf < D aardwolf=aarde… …   From formal English to slang

  • aardwolf — urvinė hiena statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Proteles cristatus angl. aardwolf; earth wolf vok. Erdwolf rus. земляной волк pranc. loup fouisseur ryšiai: platesnis terminas – urvinės hienos …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • aardwolf — noun (plural aardwolves) Etymology: Afrikaans, from aard + wolf Date: 1833 a maned striped nocturnal mammal (Proteles cristatus) of southern and eastern Africa that resembles the related hyenas and feeds chiefly on insects and especially termites …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aardwolf — noun The insectivorous mammal species Proteles cristatus, of South Africa, related to and resembling the hyena and having an erectile crest. See Also: aardvark …   Wiktionary

  • aardwolf — South African carnivorous fox like quadruped Unusual Animals …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • aardwolf — n. striped mammal native of southern and eastern Africa that has the characteristics of a hyena and feeds mainly on insects and especially termites …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aardwolf — [ α:dwʊlf] noun (plural aardwolves) a black striped African mammal of the hyena family, feeding mainly on termites. [Proteles cristatus.] Origin C19: S. Afr. Du., from aarde earth + wolf wolf …   English new terms dictionary

  • aardwolf — aard·wolf …   English syllables

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