Scottish Borders

a council area (= administrative region) of south-east Scotland near the border with England. Its name changed from Borders to Scottish Borders in 1995.

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 council area, southeastern Scotland, its location along the English border roughly coinciding with the drainage basin of the River Tweed. Its rounded hills and undulating plateaus—including the Lammermuir Hills, the Moorfoot Hills, the Tweedsmuir Hills, and the Cheviot Hills—form a section of the Southern Uplands that is dissected by the valleys of the Tweed and its tributaries. Most of the population lives in these valleys, including the Teviotdale and the Lauderdale. The valley of the Tweed broadens in the east to form a fertile agricultural plain known as the Merse. Scottish Borders comprises the historic counties of Berwickshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, and Selkirkshire and the southern fringes of the historic counties of East Lothian and Midlothian.

      The upland moors support sheep, and the limited agricultural land, along the valley floors, grows barley and fodder crops and pastures beef cattle. The chief towns of the Scottish Borders, including Peebles, Galashiels, Selkirk, Jedburgh, and Hawick, produce woolen goods and knitwear, as do several smaller towns and villages. The larger towns, including Kelso, also serve as market centres for the surrounding agricultural area. Electronics firms have supplemented the traditional but gradually declining woolen knitwear and tweed industries. Trout and salmon fishing, grouse hunting, and moorland scenery attract tourists. Hadrian's Wall, a line of fortifications along the council area's southern boundary that marks the Roman's northern limes (border) in Britain, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987; in 2005 UNESCO redesignated it (as a transnational site) with the addition of portions of the Roman limes in western and southern Germany. Borders College has campuses in Duns, Galashiels, and Hawick, as well as in Newtown Saint Boswells, the administrative centre. Area 1,827 square miles (4,732 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 110,240.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scottish Borders — Crìochan na h Alba Verwaltungssitz Newtown St. Boswells Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scottish Borders — Géographie Superficie 6e Total 4732 km²  % eau ? Capitale administrat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scottish Borders — Localización de Scottish Borders en Escocia. Capital Newtown St. Boswells Entidad Consejo unitario …   Wikipedia Español

  • Scottish Borders — [Scottish Borders] a ↑council area (= administrative region) of south east Scotland near the border with England. Its name changed from Borders in 1995 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scottish Borders —   [ skɔtɪʃ bɔːdəz], Verwaltungs Distrikt (seit 1996) in Schottland, 4 734 km2, 106 200 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Newtown St Boswells …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Scottish Borders — a ↑county in southern Scotland, that has a border with northern England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Scottish Borders — infobox Scotland council area Council= Scottish Borders SizeRank= 6th Size= 4,732 km² Water= ? AdminHQ= Newtown St. Boswells ISO= GB SCB ONS= 00QE PopulationRank= 18th PopulationDate= 2004 Population= 109,270 PopulationDensity=23 / km²… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Borders — Sp Bòrdersas Ap Scottish Borders L Škotijos adm. sritis, D. Britanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Scottish Borders — /ˌskɒtɪʃ ˈbɔdəz/ (say .skotish bawduhz) noun an administrative district in southern Scotland; created as a unitary district in 1996, replacing the Borders region. 4734 km2. Administrative Centre: Newton St Boswells …   Australian English dictionary

  • Scottish Borders — noun a) the areas of Scotland and England adjacent to the border between the two countries. b) an administrative area in the south east of Scotland …   Wiktionary

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