Burton,Sir Richard Francis
Burton, Sir Richard Francis. 1821-1890.
British explorer and Orientalist. Disguised as a Pathan, he journeyed (1853) to the forbidden cities of Mecca and Medina and in 1858 tried unsuccessfully to discover the source of the Nile River. His best-known work is a translation of The Arabian Nights (1885-1888), which was considered scandalous at the time.
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