Masters and Johnson
William Masters (1915–2001) and Virginia Johnson (1925– ), two US doctors who became well known for their study of human sexual behaviour. They discovered that women can enjoy sex as much as men. They wrote several books about their research, including Human Sexual Response (1966), and started a programme in St Louis in 1970 for training experts to help people with their sexual problems. Masters and Johnson were married to each other from 1971 to 1993.
* * *▪ American research teamAmerican research team noted for their studies of human sexuality (sexual behaviour, human). William H. Masters (in full William Howell Masters; b. Dec. 27, 1915, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.—d. Feb. 16, 2001, Tucson, Ariz.), a physician, and Virginia E. Johnson (née Virginia Eshelman; b. Feb. 11, 1925, Springfield, Mo., U.S.), a psychologist, were codirectors of the Masters & Johnson Institute (1973–94).Masters was educated at Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y. (B.S.), and the School of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Rochester (M.D., 1943). In 1947 he joined the faculty of the School of Medicine of Washington University in St. Louis. Johnson studied at Drury College (Springfield, Mo.), the University of Missouri, Columbia, and the Kansas City Conservatory of Music, though she never earned a degree (she later received two honorary D.Sc. degrees). Johnson began work with Masters as a research associate in 1957, assisting him in the sex research that he had begun in 1954. In 1964 they established the Reproductive Biology Research Foundation in St. Louis, Mo., he becoming its director and she later (1973) becoming its codirector. In 1973 they became codirectors of the Masters & Johnson Institute, also in St. Louis. They were married in 1971 and continued to collaborate after their divorce in 1993.Their book Human Sexual Response (1966) was considered by many to be the first comprehensive study of the physiology and anatomy of human sexual activity under laboratory conditions—much of it the result of actual research observation. Biochemical equipment, such as electrocardiographs and electroencephalographs, was used in recording sexual stimulations and reactions. Though written in arcane language, the book was a best-seller and helped change people's attitudes toward sex. The two also conducted much clinical marriage counseling, dealing with problems of sexual performance. A second important study, Human Sexual Inadequacy, appeared in 1970. Homosexuality in Perspective, a report on the clinical treatment of the sexual problems of homosexuals, was published in 1979. Other works, cowritten with Robert C. Kolodny, include Human Sexuality (1982), Crisis: Heterosexual Behaviour in the Age of AIDS (1988), and Heterosexuality (1994). With Masters's retirement in 1994, the Masters & Johnson Institute closed.
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Masters and Johnson — [Masters and Johnson] William Masters and Virginia Johnson two US doctors who became well known for their study of human sexual behaviour. They discovered that women can enjoy sex as much as men. They wrote several books about their research,… … Useful english dictionary
Masters and Johnson — The Masters and Johnson research team, composed of William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the… … Wikipedia
Masters and Johnson — Masters and John|son two American scientists, William Howell Masters (1915 ) and Virginia Eshelman Johnson (1925 ), who have studied human sexual behaviour, and written several books on the subject, including Human Sexual Response … Dictionary of contemporary English
Masters and Johnson Institute — The Masters and Johnson Institute (1978–1994) was the clinical and research foundation of sexologist duo Masters and Johnson. Located in Saint Louis, Missouri, the Institute was established to study human sexuality with particular emphasis on the … Wikipedia
Masters und Johnson — Der Gynäkologe William Howell Masters (* 27. Dezember 1915 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 16. Februar 2001 in Tucson, Arizona) und die Wissenschaftlerin Virginia Johnson, geborene Eshelman (* 11. Februar 1925 in Springfield, Missouri) leisteten in den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Masters et Johnson — William Masters et Virginia Johnson William Howell Masters (27 décembre 1915 16 février 2001) et Virginia Eshelman Johnson (née le 11 février 1925) sont des sexologues américains. Ils furent pionniers en matière de sexologie humaine et ont étudié … Wikipédia en Français
Masters, William H(owell); and Johnson, Virginia E(shelman) — born Dec. 27, 1915, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 16, 2001, Tucson, Ariz. born Feb. 11, 1925, Springfield, Missouri, U.S. U.S. human sexuality research team. Together (as physician and psychologist, respectively), they founded and codirected… … Universalium
Masters — Masters, William Howell →↑Masters and Johnson … Dictionary of contemporary English
Masters, William Howell — ▪ 2002 American gynecologist (b. Dec. 27, 1915, Cleveland, Ohio d. Feb. 16, 2001, Tucson, Ariz.), was a pioneer in the field of human sexuality research and therapy. With partner Virginia Johnson, who later (1971) became his wife, he… … Universalium
Johnson — John|son, A|my (1903 41) a British pilot who flew alone in several famous flights in which she broke new records, for example from England to Australia in 1930, and from England to South Africa in 1932. She died when her plane disappeared over… … Dictionary of contemporary English