bear market

n
a situation at the stock exchange in which company share prices are falling rapidly. People who sell their shares, hoping to buy them back later at a lower price, are called bears.
Compare bull market.

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In securities and commodities trading, a declining market.

A bear is an investor who expects prices to decline and, on this assumption, sells a borrowed security or commodity in the hope of buying it back later at a lower price, a speculative transaction called short-selling. See also bull market.

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▪ securities trading
      in securities and commodities trading, a declining market. A bear is an investor who expects prices to decline and, on this assumption, sells a borrowed security or commodity in the hope of buying it back later at a lower price, a speculative transaction called selling short. The term bear may derive from the proverb about “selling the bearskin before one has caught the bear” or perhaps from selling when one is “bare” of stock. Compare bull market.

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Universalium. 2010.

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