Red, ruddy. Oldest form *ə₁reudh-.
Derivatives include red, robust, corroborate, ruby, and rubric.
I. O-grade form *roudh-.
a. red, from Old English rēad, red;
b. rorqual, from Old Norse raudhr, red. Both a and b from Germanic *raudaz.
2. rowan, from a source akin to Old Norse reynir, mountain ash, rowan (from its red berries), from Germanic *raudnia-.
3. rufescent, rufous, from Latin rūfus (of dialectal Italic origin), reddish.
4. rubiginous, from Latin rōbus, red.
5. roble, roborant, robust; corroborate, rambunctious, from Latin rōbur, rōbus, red oak, hardness, and rōbustus, strong.
II. Zero-grade form *rudh-.
1. Suffixed form *rudh-ā-.
a. ruddle, from Old English rudu, red color;
b. ruddock, from Old English rudduc, robin;
c. ruddy, from Old English rudig, ruddy. a-c all from Germanic *rudō.
2. Suffixed form *rudh-sto-. rust, from Old English rūst (also rust?), rust, from Germanic *rust-.
3. rouge, rubeola, ruby; rubefacient, from Latin rubeus, red.
4. rubicund, from Latin rubicundus, red, ruddy.
5. rubidium, from Latin rūbidus, red.
6. Suffixed (stative) form *rudh-ē-. rubescent, from Latin rubēre, to be red.
7. Suffixed form *rudh-ro-.
a. rubella, rubric; bilirubin, from Latin ruber, red;
b. rutilant, rutile, from Latin rutilus, reddish;
c. erythema, erythro-, from Greek eruthros, red (with prothetic vowel from oldest zero-grade form *ərudh-);
d. erysipelas, from possibly remade Greek erusi-, red, reddening.
8. Suffixed form *rudh-to-. rissole, roux, russet, from Latin russus, red.
[Pokorny reudh- 872.]

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • reudh- —     reudh     English meaning: red     Deutsche Übersetzung: “rot”     Material: O.Ind. rō hita = Av. raoiδita “red, reddish”, rōhi t “rote mare, Weibchen a gazelle “, rō hi m., rōhī f. “ gazelle “; O.Ind. lōha “reddish”, m. n. “rötliches metal,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • rust — {{11}}rust (n.) O.E. rust, related to rudu redness, from P.Gmc. *rusta (Cf. Fris. rust, O.H.G., Ger. rost, M.Du. ro(e)st), from PIE *reudh s to (Cf. Lith. rustas brownish, rudeti to rust; L. robigo, O.C.S. ruzda …   Etymology dictionary

  • Red — This article is about the color. For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). Red   Spectral coordinates  Wavelength 620–740 …   Wikipedia

  • Ruis — (Unicode|ᚂ) is the fifteenth letter of the Ogham alphabet, derived from ruise red . Its Proto Indo European root was * Unicode|reudh red . Its phonetic value is [r] …   Wikipedia

  • Vocabulario indoeuropeo (no sustantivos) — Anexo:Vocabulario indoeuropeo (no sustantivos) Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Protoindoeuropeo durante el periodo kurgan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Список праиндоевропейских корней — Для улучшения этой статьи желательно?: Найти и оформить в виде сносок ссылки на авторитетные источники, подтверждающие написанное …   Википедия

  • ruddock — [rud′ək] n. 〚ME ruddok < OE rudduc < rudu, red (see RUDD) + uc, OCK〛 [Brit. Dial.] ROBIN (sense 2) * * * rud·dock (rŭdʹək) n. Chiefly British An Old World r …   Universalium

  • Anexo:Vocabulario indoeuropeo (no sustantivos) — Protoindoeuropeo durante el periodo kurgan. Indoeuropeo en el 2500 a.C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Носовой инфикс — Носовой инфикс  инфикс, содержащий носовой звук. В различных языках может выполнять различные грамматические функции. Носовой инфикс в праиндоевропейском языке В праиндоевропейском языке с помощью носового инфикса образуется одна из… …   Википедия

  • reuten — reu|ten 〈V. tr.; hat; oberdt.〉 = roden [<ahd. riuten <*riutjan „urbarmachen“; zu idg. *reudh „roden“, Erweiterung von idg. *reu „aufreißen“] * * * reu|ten <sw. V.; hat [mhd., ahd. riuten, verw. mit ↑ raufen] (südd., österr., schweiz.… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.