melə-

Also mel-. To crush, grind; with derivatives referring to various ground or crumbling substances (such as flour) and to instruments for grinding or crushing (such as millstones). Oldest form *melə₂-.
1. O-grade form *mol-. maelstrom, from Middle Dutch malen, to whirl, from Germanic *mal-.
2. Full-grade form *mel-. meal1, from Old English melu, flour, meal, from Germanic suffixed form *mel-wa-.
3. Zero-grade form *ml̥-. mold3, molder, from Old English molde, soil, from Germanic suffixed form *mul-dō.
4. Full-grade form *mel-.
a. meunière, mill1, mola2, molar2, mole4, moulin; emolument, immolate, ormolu, from Latin molere, to grind (grain), and its derivative mola, a millstone, mill, coarse meal customarily sprinkled on sacrificial animals;
b. possible suffixed form *mel-iyo-. mealie, miliary, milium, millet; gromwell, from Latin milium, millet.
5. Suffixed variant form *mal-ni-. malleable, malleolus, mallet, malleus, maul; pall-mall, from Latin malleus, hammer, mallet.
6. Zero-grade form *ml̥-. amylum, mylonite, from Greek mulē, mulos, millstone, mill.
7. Possibly extended form *mlī-. blini, blintz, from Old Russian blinŭ, pancake.
 
[Pokorny 1. mel- 716.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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