mag-

Also mak-. To knead, fashion, fit. Oldest forms *mag̑-, *mak̑-, becoming *mag-, *mak- in centum languages.
Derivatives include make, mason, mingle, magma, and mass.
1.
a.
(i) make, from Old English macian, to make;
(ii) mason, from Old French masson, mason;
(iii) maquillage, from Middle Dutch maken, to make. (i)-(iii) all from Germanic verb *makōn, to fashion, fit;
b. match1, from Old English gemæcca, mate, spouse, from Germanic compound noun *ga-mak-(j)ōn-, “one who is fitted with (another)” (*ga-, with, together; see kom). Both a and b from Germanic *mak-.
2.
a. mingle, from Old English mengan, to mix;
b. among, mongrel, from Old English gemang, mixture, crowd (ge-, together; see kom). Both a and b from Germanic nasalized form *mangjan, to knead together.
3. Suffixed form *mak-yo-. magma, from Greek magma, unguent, from massein (aorist stem mag-), to knead.
4. Suffixed lengthened-grade form *māg-ya-. mass; amass, mazaedium, from Greek māza, maza, a (kneaded) lump, barley cake.
5. Suffixed lengthened-grade form *māk-ero-. macerate, from Latin mācerāre, to tenderize, to soften (food) by steeping.
 
[Pokorny mag̑- 696, 2. māk- 698, men(ə)k- 730.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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