bher-

I. bher-1
To carry; also to bear children.
Derivatives include birth, fertile, suffer, furtive, and metaphor.
1.
a.
(i) bear1, from Old English beran, to carry;
(ii) forbear1, from Old English forberan, to bear, endure (for-, for-; see per1). Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *beran;
b. bier, from Old English bēr, bǣr, bier, and Old French biere bier, both from Germanic *bērō;
c. bore3, from Old Norse bāra, wave, billow, from Germanic *bēr-.
2.
a. bairn, from Old English bearn, child, from Germanic *barnam;
b. barrow1, from Old English bearwe, basket, wheelbarrow, from Germanic *barwōn-.
3.
a. burly, from Old English *borlic, excellent, exalted (< “borne up”), from Germanic *bur-;
b. burden1, from Old English byrthen, burden, from Germanic *burthinja-;
c. birth, from a source akin to Old Norse burdhr, birth, from Germanic *burthiz;
d. birr1, from Old Norse byrr, favorable wind, perhaps from Germanic *burja-.
4. Compound root *bhrenk-, to bring (< *bher- + *enk-, to reach; see nek-2). bring, from Old English bringan, to bring, from Germanic *brengan.
6. Prefixed and suffixed zero-grade form *pro-bhr-o-, “something brought before one” (*pro-, before; see per1). opprobrium, from Latin probrum, a reproach.
7. Possibly suffixed zero-grade form *bhr̥-tu- in Latin words having to do with “chance” (? < “a bringing, that which is brought”).
a. fortuitous, from Latin fortuītus, happening by chance;
b. Fortuna, fortune, from Latin fortūna, chance, good luck, fortune, and Fortūna, goddess of good fortune.
8. Probably lengthened o-grade form *bhōr-. ferret1, furtive, furuncle; furunculosis, from Latin fūr, thief.
9. feretory, -phore, -phoresis, -phorous; amphora, anaphora, diaphoresis, euphoria, metaphor, periphery, pheromone, telpher, tocopherol, from Greek pherein, to carry, with o-grade noun phoros, a carrying.
10. paraphernalia, from Greek phernē, dowry (“something brought by a bride”).
11. sambal, from Sanskrit bharati, he carries, brings.
 
[Pokorny 1. bher- 128.]
  II. bher-2
Bright, brown.
1. Suffixed variant form *bhrū-no-.
a. brown, from Old English brūn, brown;
b. bruin, from Middle Dutch bruun;
c. brunet, burnet, burnish, from Old French brun, shining, brown. a-c all from Germanic *brūnaz.
2. Reduplicated form *bhibhru-, *bhebhru-, “the brown animal,” beaver. beaver1, from Old English be(o)for, beaver, from Germanic *bebruz.
3. bear2, from Old English bera, bear, from Germanic *berō, “the brown animal,” bear.
4. berserker, from Old Norse björn, bear, from Germanic *bernuz.
 
[Pokorny 5. bher- 136.]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bher-1 —     bher 1     English meaning: to bear, carry     Deutsche Übersetzung: “tragen, bringen” etc (also Leibesfrucht tragen; med. “ferri”), also “aufheben, erheben”     Grammatical information: The root bher , forms the exceptional both themat. and… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-5 —     bher 5     English meaning: shining; brown     Deutsche Übersetzung: “glänzend, hellbraun”     Note: extensions of bher ‘shine, appear, seem”, bhereĝ , bherek̂ ‘shine”.     Material: O.Ind. bhalla ḥ, bhallaka ḥ bhallū̆ka ḥ “bear” ( ll… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-2 —     bher 2     English meaning: to boil, swell; to get high     Deutsche Übersetzung: etwa “aufwallen”, von quellendem or siedendem Wasser (also vom Aufbrausen beim Gähren, Kochen, as well as vom fire) ‘sich heftig bewegen”     Note: often with m …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-6 —     bher 6     English meaning: to roast, cook     Deutsche Übersetzung: “rösten, backen, kochen”     Note: with g extensions, before partly i , u vowels; it derived from bher 2 “ move violently, surge, boil, cook”.     Material: 1. forms without …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-3 —     bher 3     English meaning: to scrape, cut, etc.     Deutsche Übersetzung: “with einem scharfen Werkzeug bearbeiten, ritzen, schneiden, reiben, spalten”     Material: O.Ind. (gramm.) bhr̥nüti (?) “injures, hurts, disables” = Pers. burrad… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-4 —     bher 4     English meaning: to roar, buzz, onomatopoeic words     Deutsche Übersetzung: in Schallworten “brummen, summen” under likewise     Note: An extension at most in *bherem “drone, grumble” and treated onomatopoeic words under bherg… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-7 —     bher 7     English meaning: to weave     Deutsche Übersetzung: “flechten, weben”?     Material: Hom. φᾶρος = Att. φάρος n. (*φαρFος) “kerchief, cloth, canvas, fabric, velum, cover”; φάραι (?) ὑφαίνειν, πλέκειν Hes.; φορμός “ pannier, mat”;… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bherəg- — To shine; bright, white. Oldest form *bherəg̑ , becoming *bherəg in centum languages. 1. bright, from Old English beorht, bright, from Germanic *berhtaz, bright. 2. “The white tree,” the birch (also the ash). a. birch, birk, from Old English …   Universalium

  • bher tree — ˈbe(ə)r , ˈba(a)(ə)r noun Etymology: Hindi ber, from Sanskrit badara : chinese jujube …   Useful english dictionary

  • bhei(ǝ)-, bhī- (*bher-) —     bhei(ǝ) , bhī (*bher )     English meaning: to hit     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘schlagen”     Material: Av. byente “ they fight, hit” (H. Lommel KZ. 67, 11); Arm. bir “ big stick , club, mace, joint” (*bhi ro ); Gk. φῑτρός m. “tree truck,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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