sokol

sokol [sō′kôl΄]
n.
Czech, lit., falcon
an international organization promoting physical health, esp. in gymnastics

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Russia
      city and river port, centre of Sokol rayon (sector), Vologda oblast (province), northwestern Russia. The port lies along the Sukhona River. Before the Russian Revolution of October 1917 it was the site of only two small factories, but it grew rapidly in the early Soviet period and was incorporated in 1932. Today it is a centre of paper, woodworking, and food industries and has a preschool-teacher–training college. Pop. (1994 est.) 46,400.

▪ gymnastic society
      (Czech: “Hawk,” or “Falcon”), gymnastic society, originating in Prague in 1862 to develop strength, litheness, alertness, and courage. Originally patterned after the German turnverein, the Sokol traditionally emphasized mass calisthenics as a means of promoting communal spirit and physical fitness. Banned during the Nazi occupation, the Sokol movement was revived in 1945 but was proscribed again in 1948 by communist leaders because of its identification with Czech nationalism. The movement was reborn after the decline of communist influence in the early 1990s. In 1994 the first mass meetings since the 1948 ban were held in Prague, with more than 20,000 participants.

      Offshoots of the original society formed by émigrés—such as the American Sokol (founded 1865), later known as the American Sokol Educational and Physical Culture Organization (Czech), and Sokol U.S.A. (Slovak)—combine gymnastics and physical education with social, educational, and communal activities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sokol — (kyrillisch Сокол, zu deutsch Falke) bezeichnet: Sokol (Familienname), siehe dort Etymologie, Varianten, Namensträger Sokol (Turnbewegung), slawisch national geprägte Turnvereinigungen RŽD Baureihe ЭС250, in Russland geplanter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sokol — sȍkol m <N mn i/ ovi> DEFINICIJA 1. zool. ptica grabljivica (Falco) iz porodice pravih sokolova [sivi sokol; sokol grlaš; sokol lovac] 2. (+ sòkō) pren. retor. ekspr. knjiš. junak 3. (Sokol) organizacija za tjelesni odgoj, utemeljena 1862.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sokół — ( pl. Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne Sokół , Polish Gymnastic Society Falcon ) is the Polish off shoot of the Pan Slavic Sokol, and the oldest youth movement organization Poland. Created in Lwów in 1867, by the end of World War I the movement… …   Wikipedia

  • Sokół — steht für: das polnische Wort für Falke einen polnischen Turnverein (Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne Sokół ), siehe Sokół (Turnverein) eine polnische Motorradmarke aus der Zeit vor dem 2. Weltkrieg, siehe Sokół (Motorrad) einen polnischen Rapper …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sokoľ — (Village) Administration Pays  Slovaquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sokół — puede referirse a: ORP Sokół, un de las tres buques de guerra de la Armada de la República Polaca. PZL W 3 Sokół, un helicóptero militar polaco. Sokół Tychy, un club de fútbol polaco. Sokół, un tipo de motocicletas polacos de los años 1930 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sokół — (Рацибуж,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Stefana Żeromskiego 2, 47 400 Рацибуж, Польша …   Каталог отелей

  • SOKOL — is a combat aircraft manufacturing facility that is also known as Aviation plant 21 , It is an aviation plant named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze.List of production aircraft*Polikarpov I 5 (1932..1934), I 16, (since 1934, 22 modifications) *Lavochkin …   Wikipedia

  • Sokoľ — (meaning Falcon in Slavic languages) ( hu. Hernádszokoly) is a village and municipality in Košice okolie District in the Kosice Region of eastern Slovakia.HistoryIn historical records the village was first mentioned in 1270 ( Zokola ), when it… …   Wikipedia

  • Sokol — российская марка нефти. Плотность составляет 37,9° API, содержание серы 0,23%. Добывается в проекте «Сахалин 1». Отгрузка через порт в Де Кастри (Хабаровский край) …   Википедия

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