Pilgrim Fathers

the Pilgrims (of Plymouth Colony)

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(also the Pilgrims)
the 102 English people who sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans whose aim was to create a safe religious community in the New World. The Pilgrims probably landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established Plymouth Colony.

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▪ United States history
 in American colonial history, settlers of Plymouth , Mass., the first permanent colony in New England (1620). Of the 102 colonists, 35 were members of the English Separatist Church (a radical faction of Puritanism) who had earlier fled to Leiden, the Netherlands, to escape persecution at home. Seeking a more abundant life along with religious freedom, the Separatists negotiated with a London stock company to finance a pilgrimage to America. Approximately two-thirds of those making the trip aboard the Mayflower were non-Separatists, hired to protect the company's interests; these included John Alden and Myles Standish (Standish, Myles).

      These first settlers, initially referred to as the Old Comers and later as the Forefathers, did not become known as the Pilgrim Fathers until two centuries after their arrival. A responsive chord was struck with the discovery of a manuscript of Gov. William Bradford referring to the “saints” who had left Holland as “pilgrimes.” At a commemorative bicentennial celebration in 1820, orator Daniel Webster used the phrase Pilgrim Fathers, and the term became common usage thereafter.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilgrim Fathers — plural noun The Puritans who sailed for America in the Mayflower, and founded Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620 • • • Main Entry: ↑pilgrim * * * Pilgrim Fathers, the early settlers of New England, especially the English separatist leaders of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pilgrim fathers — Pilgrim Pil grim, a. Of or pertaining to a pilgrim, or pilgrims; making pilgrimages. With pilgrim steps. Milton. [1913 Webster] {Pilgrim fathers}, a name popularly given to the one hundred and two English colonists who landed from the Mayflower… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PILGRIM FATHERS — Expression apparue au début du XIXe siècle aux États Unis et née d’une référence de William Bradford à un passage de l’Épître aux Hébreux (XI, 13: «C’est dans la foi qu’ils sont tous morts sans avoir obtenu les choses promises; mais ils les ont… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pilgrim Fathers — Pilgrim Fa|thers n the Pilgrim Fathers the group of English people who arrived to settle at Plymouth, Massachusetts in the US in 1620 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Pilgrim Fathers — ☆ Pilgrim Fathers n. the Pilgrims (of Plymouth Colony) …   English World dictionary

  • Pilgrim fathers — Pères pèlerins Les Pères pèlerins (en anglais : Pilgrim Fathers) sont l un des premiers groupes de colons britanniques installés sur le territoire des futurs États Unis d Amérique. Puritains, ils ont fui les persécutions religieuses et l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilgrim Fathers — Pilger auf dem Weg zur Kirche von George Henry Boughton (1867) Als Pilgerväter (engl. Pilgrim fathers) werden die ersten englischen Siedler in Neuengland bezeichnet. Sie segelten 1620 auf der Mayflower über den Atlantik und gründeten die Kolonie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pilgrim, Fathers — ► HISTORIA VER [Padres peregrinos] …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PILGRIM FATHERS —    the name given to the Puritans, some 100 in all, who sailed from Plymouth in the Mayflower in 1620 and settled in Massachusetts, carrying with them the life spark of the largest nation on our earth …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pilgrim Fathers — /ˈpɪlgrəm faðəz/ (say pilgruhm fahdhuhz) plural noun US History the English Puritan separatists who founded the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620 …   Australian English dictionary

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