Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie [hī′lē sə las′ē, hī′lē səläs′ē]
(born Tafari Makonnen) 1892-1975; emperor of Ethiopia (1930-36; 1941-74): deposed

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orig. Tafari Makonnen

born July 23, 1892, near Harer, Eth.
died Aug. 26, 1975, Addis Ababa

Emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74).

Tafari was a son of Ras Makonnen, a chief adviser to Emperor Menilek II. After Menilek's daughter, Zauditu, became empress (1917), Ras (Prince) Tafari, who had married Menilek's great-granddaughter, was named regent and heir apparent to the throne. When Zauditu died in 1930, Tafari took the name of Haile Selassie ("Might of the Trinity") to mark his imperial status. As emperor he sought to modernize his country and steer it into the mainstream of African politics. He brought Ethiopia into the League of Nations and the UN and made Addis Ababa the centre for the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union). Through most of his reign he remained popular among the majority Christian population. He was deposed in 1974 in a military coup by Mengistu Haile Mariam and kept under house arrest. He was apparently killed by his captors. Haile Selassie was regarded as the Messiah of the African race by the Rastafarian movement.

Haile Selassie, 1967.

AP/Wide World Photos

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Haile Selassie I. — Haile Selassie Haile Selassie I. (ቀዳማዊ ኀይለ ሥላሴ) (* 23. Juli 1892 unter dem Namen Täfäri Mäkonnen (ተፈሪ መኰንን) in Edjersso, Provinz Harar, Äthiopien; nach äthiopischer Transliteration Haylä Səllase; † 27. August 1975 in Addis Abeba) („Macht der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haile Selassie — Hailé Sélassié Ier Hailé Selassié Ier Negusse negest d Éthiopie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haile Selassie I — Hailé Sélassié Ier Hailé Selassié Ier Negusse negest d Éthiopie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haile Selassie — Haile Selassie, um 1923 Haile Selassie I. (amharisch (ቀዳማዊ) ኀይለ ሥላሴ (Qädamawi) Haylä Səllase, dt. Macht der Dreifaltigkeit (der Erste)) (* 23. Juli 1892 unter dem Namen Ras Täfäri Mäkʷännən (ተፈሪ መኰንን) in Edjersso, Provinz Hararghe, Äthiopien; †… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haile Selassie — (Harer, Etiopía, 1892 Addis Ababa, id., 1975) Emperador etíope (1930 1974) y ahora más conocido como un símbolo religioso en el movimiento rastafari. * * * orig. Tafari Makonnen (23 jul. 1892, cerca de Harar, Etiopía–26 ago. 1975, Addis Abeba).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Haile Selassie I — (izg. háile selàsje) (1892 1975) DEFINICIJA etiopski car (1930 1974), organizirao otpor agresiji fašističke Italije 1935 1936, poslije 2. svjetskog rata nastojao modernizirati zemlju; uklonjen s vlasti u vojnom puču …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Haile Selassie — [hī′lē sə las′ē, hī′lē səläs′ē] (born Tafari Makonnen) 1892 1975; emperor of Ethiopia (1930 36; 1941 74): deposed …   English World dictionary

  • Haile Selassie — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al auto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Haile Selassie I — /huy lee seuh las ee, lah see/, (Ras Tafari) 1891 1975, emperor of Ethiopia 1930 74: in exile 1936 41. * * * ▪ emperor of Ethiopia original name  Tafari Makonnen   born July 23, 1892, near Harer, Eth. died Aug. 27, 1975, Addis Ababa  emperor of… …   Universalium

  • Haile Selassie I. — Haile Selạssie I.   [amharisch »Macht der Dreifaltigkeit«], Geburtsname Tafari Makonnen, Kaiser von Äthiopien (1930 74), * Edjersso (Provinz Harar) 23. 7. 1892, ✝ Addis Abeba 27. 8. 1975; Sohn des Ras Makonnen und Großneffe Kaiser Meneliks II.;… …   Universal-Lexikon

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