Giotto (di Bondone)

Giotto (di Bondone) or Giotto [jō̂t′tō̂ dē bō̂n dō̂′ne; ] E [ jät′ō]
1266?-1337; Florentine painter & architect

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born 1266–67/1276, Vespignano, near Florence
died Jan. 8, 1337, Florence

First of the great Italian painters, active in Florence.

He decorated chapels and churches in Assisi, Rome, Padua, Florence, and Naples with frescoes and panel paintings. Because little of his life and few of his works are documented, attributions and a stylistic chronology of his paintings remain problematic and often highly speculative. His works in Rome include the heavily restored mosaic of Christ Walking on the Water over the entrance to St. Peter's Basilica, and an altarpiece from St. Peter's, now in the Vatican Museum. In Padua, his fresco of the Last Judgment decorates the western wall of the Arena Chapel, and the rest of the chapel is covered with his narrative frescoes featuring scenes from the lives of the Virgin Mary and Christ. Later in his career he executed frescoes in four chapels in the church of Santa Croce in Florence, two of which survive. In 1334 he was appointed surveyor of Florence Cathedral; his design for the campanile was altered after his death. The most important extant panel painting attributed to him is The Madonna in Glory (с 1305–10). He achieved great fame in his lifetime, and he is considered the father of European painting for breaking with the impersonal stylizations of Byzantine art and introducing new ideals of naturalism and humanity, three-dimensional space, and three-dimensional form. The course of Italian painting was dominated by his students and followers. His work points to the innovations of the Renaissance style that developed a century later.

Lamentation, fresco by Giotto, с 1305–06; in the Arena ...

SCALA/Art Resource

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Giotto di Bondone — • A Florentine painter, and founder of the Italian school of painting, b. most probably, in the village of Vespignano near Florence; d. at Milan, 8 Jan., 1337 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Giotto di Bondone     Giotto …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Giotto di Bondōne — (spr. dschotto), ital. Maler und Architekt, geb. um 1266 in dem Orte del Colle bei Florenz, gest. 8. Jan. 1337 in Florenz, war Schüler Cimabues, der ihn als Hirtenknaben, seine Schafe mit Kohle nachzeichnend, getroffen haben soll. Aus seiner… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Giotto di Bondone — (izg. đòto di bondȏne) (o.1266 1337) DEFINICIJA najznačajniji talijanski slikar 14. stoljeća, učenik Cimabuea; prekinuo sa srednjovjekovnim stilom (tvrda modelacija, zlatni fond), radio u temperi fresco cikluse …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Giotto (di Bondone) — or Giotto [jō̂t′tō̂ dē bō̂n dō̂′ne; ] E [ jät′ō] 1266? 1337; Florentine painter & architect …   English World dictionary

  • Giotto di Bondone — (spr. Dschotto, eigentl. Ambrogiotto), Bildhaner, Maler u. Architekt, geb. 1276 zu Vespignano im Florentinischen. Eines Bauern Sohn, hütete er seines Vaters Schafe u. zeichnete einmal ein solches mit einem zugespitzten Stein auf ein Stück… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Giotto di Bondone — Giotto di Bondōne (spr. dscho ), ital. Maler und Architekt, geb. um 1266 zu Colle bei Florenz, gest. 8. Jan. 1337 in Florenz; neben seinem Lehrer Cimabue Begründer der ital. Kunst. Hauptarbeiten: Fresken in Santa Croce zu Florenz, in der Ober und …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Giotto di Bondone — Giotto di Bondone, Angelo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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