Equal Rights Amendment
- n.a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied to a resident of the U.S. on account of sex
* * *(abbr the ERA)a proposal for an amendment to the US Constitution which would give women equal rights with men. The proposal began in Congress in 1923 and was finally passed in 1972. A total of 38 of the 50 states had to give their approval by 1982 for it to become law, but only 35 did, so it failed.
* * *▪ proposed United States legislationa proposed but unratified amendment to the U.S. Constitution that was designed mainly to invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminate against women; its central underlying principle was that sex should not determine the legal rights of men or women.Click here for a map—> depicting ERA ratification.The text of the proposed amendment stated that “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex” and further that “the Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.” The amendment was first introduced to Congress in 1923, shortly after women in the United States were granted the right to vote, and it was finally approved by the U.S. Senate 49 years later, in March 1972. It was then submitted to the state legislatures for ratification within seven years but, despite a deadline extension to June 1982, was not ratified by the requisite majority of 38 states. It would have become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution.Although the ERA gained ratification of 30 states within one year of its Senate approval, mounting intense opposition from conservative religious and political organizations effectively brought ratification to a standstill. The main objections to the ERA were based on fears that women would lose privileges and protections such as exemption from compulsory military service and combat duty and economic support from husbands for themselves and their children.Advocates of the ERA, led primarily by the National Organization for Women (NOW), maintained, however, that the issue was mainly economic. NOW's position was that many sex-discriminatory state and federal laws perpetuated a state of economic dependence among a large number of women and that laws determining child support and job opportunities should be designed for the individual rather than for one sex. Many advocates of the ERA believed that the failure to adopt the measure as an amendment would cause women to lose many gains and would give a negative mandate to courts and legislators regarding feminist issues.
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Equal Rights Amendment — n. An amendment to the Constitution that was proposed but never ratified that would have prevented the states or nation from denying people equality based on sex. abbrv. ERA The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of… … Law dictionary
equal rights amendment — ˌequal ˈrights aˌmendment abbreviation ERA noun [singular] a suggested change to US law, which was intended to give women the same legal rights as men. It was agreed by Congress, but not enough states agreed in time for it to become law * * *… … Financial and business terms
Equal Rights Amendment — Equal Rights Amendment, a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution providing for equal rights of both sexes: »The Equal Rights Amendment…cannot go into effect until 38 states have ratified it (Milton Greenberg). Abbr.: ERA (no… … Useful english dictionary
Equal Rights Amendment — n. a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied to a resident of the U.S. on account of sex … English World dictionary
Equal Rights Amendment — The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a failed proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights under the law for Americans regardless of sex, which failed to gain ratification before the end of the deadline.… … Wikipedia
Equal Rights Amendment — L Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) est une proposition d amendement de la Constitution des États Unis, déposé dans les années 1920, qui visait à garantir que l égalité des droits entre les sexes ne pouvait être remise en cause par aucune législation… … Wikipédia en Français
Equal Rights Amendment — Equal Rights A|mend|ment, the the full name of the ↑era … Dictionary of contemporary English
Equal Rights Amendment — Proposed amendment to U.S. Constitution which provmed that: Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Such amendment failed to receive ratification by the required… … Black's law dictionary
Equal Rights Amendment — proposal for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would make gender discrimination unconstitutional (as opposed to merely illegal as it is today), ERA … English contemporary dictionary
Equal Rights Amendment. — See ERA (def. 3). * * * … Universalium