Cumberland Plateau

after William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland: see CUMBERLAND (the river)
division of the W Appalachians, extending from S W.Va. to N Ala.

* * *

Tableland in the U.S. that forms the western section of the Appalachian Mountains and a part of the Allegheny Plateau.

It extends southwest for 450 mi (725 km) from southern West Virginia to northeastern Alabama, averages 50 mi (80 km) in width, and is 2,000–4,145 ft (600–1,263 m) high. The roughest and highest portion is a narrow ridge about 140 mi (225 km) long that forms its eastern margin in eastern Kentucky and northeastern Tennessee; the name Cumberland Mountains is generally applied to this area, which includes the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The plateau has large deposits of coal, limestone, and sandstone.

* * *

      westernmost of three divisions of the Appalachian Mountains, U.S., extending southwestward for 450 miles (725 km) from southern West Virginia to northern Alabama. The plateau is 40 to 50 miles (65 to 80 km) wide and lies between the Appalachian Ridge and Valley region to the east and the rolling plains to the west. It merges with the Allegheny Plateau on the north and with the Gulf Coastal Plain on the south. The region is dissected mainly by headstreams of the Cumberland and Kentucky rivers and by tributaries of the Tennessee River, the valley of which in northern Alabama holds Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs. Other notable features on the plateau include the Cumberland, Pine, Lookout, and Sand mountains, Cumberland Gap, and Walden Ridge.

      The roughest and highest portion of the plateau is a narrow linear ridge about 140 miles (225 km) long that forms its eastern margin in eastern Kentucky and northeastern Tennessee; the name Cumberland Mountains is generally applied to this area. These mountains vary in elevation from 2,000 feet (600 m) to 4,145 feet (1,263 m) at Big Black Mountain, the highest point in Kentucky. The plateau is underlain by large deposits of coal, limestones used for cement, and fine-grained sandstones suitable for construction and decorative purposes. The region is well-covered by hardwood trees, which constitute a major resource and are concentrated in the Daniel Boone and part of the Jefferson national forests in Kentucky. The rough topography, especially in Kentucky and Tennessee portions, has resulted in isolated settlements and local economies based on subsistence agriculture.

      Much of the plateau's history centres on the Cumberland Gap (now a national historical park), which provided westward passage for the early settlers and was of strategic importance in the American Civil War.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumberland Plateau — Als Cumberland Plateau wird der südliche Teil des Appalachen Plateau bezeichnet. Das Plateau umfasst weite Landstriche im Osten von Kentucky, im Westen von West Virginia, in Tennessee, im Norden von Alabama und im äußersten Nordwesten von Georgia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland-Plateau — Als Cumberland Plateau wird der südliche Teil des Appalachen Plateau bezeichnet. Das Plateau umfasst weite Landstriche im Osten von Kentucky, im Westen von West Virginia, in Tennessee, im Norden von Alabama und im äußersten Nordwest …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Plateau — or Cumberland Mountains [after William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland: see CUMBERLAND (the river)] division of the W Appalachians, extending from S W.Va. to N Ala …   English World dictionary

  • Cumberland Plateau — Map showing the Cumberland Plateau in yellow as defined by Bailey s ecoregions. The Cumberland Plateau is the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau. It includes much of eastern Kentucky and western West Virginia, part of Tennessee, and a small …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Plateau — Sp Kámberlando plýnaukštė Ap Cumberland Plateau L Apalačų plyn. P dalis, JAV (Kentukis, Tenesis) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Cumberland Plateau — noun the southwestern part of the Appalachians • Syn: ↑Cumberland Mountains • Instance Hypernyms: ↑range, ↑mountain range, ↑range of mountains, ↑chain, ↑mountain chain, ↑chain of mountains …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cumberland Plateau — geographical name mountain region E United States, part of the S Appalachian Mountains W of Tennessee River extending from S West Virginia to NE Alabama …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cumberland Plateau Salamander — [[file: Taken by Nicklos Clay Miller of Eastern Kentucky |frameless|alt=]] …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Mountain State Park — Byrd Creek Dam Type Tennessee State Park Location Cumberland County, Tennessee C …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Mountains — Range View of Cross Mountain in Tennessee …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.