College of Arms

n.
HERALDS' COLLEGE

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(also the College of Heralds)
an organization in London that is responsible for giving coats of arms to families and institutions in England and Wales. It was formed in the 15th century and its head is the Earl Marshal, who is responsible for organizing state ceremonies in Britain.

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▪ heraldic institution, London, United Kingdom
also called  Heralds' College 

      , corporation of the royal heralds (herald) of England and Wales. After the Court of Lord Lyon (the heraldic corporation of Scotland), it is the oldest active heraldic institution in Europe. The college investigates, records, and advises on the use of coats of arms (arms, coat of) (armorial bearings), royal grants, and pedigrees (pedigree). It also undertakes the planning of state ceremonies such as coronations and the first sitting of Parliament. Some other nations of the Commonwealth (e.g., Australia and New Zealand) consult with the College of Arms on heraldic matters such as the design of government flags (flag). It is headquartered on Queen Victoria Street, City of London (London, City of).

      The college was chartered by King Richard III in 1484, but the following year it was disbanded by Henry VII. In 1555 it was reestablished by Mary I and housed in the 15th-century Derby Place, which burned in the Great Fire of London (1666). Designed by the master bricklayer Maurice Emmett, the present building was erected on the Derby Place site in 1671–78.

      The director of the College of Arms is the duke of Norfolk, who holds the title earl marshal. Reporting to him are several heralds (also called officers of arms), who are appointed by the British sovereign. They include three kings of arms, or senior heralds (Garter, Norroy and Ulster, and Clarenceux); six heralds (Windsor, Richmond, York, Lancaster, Chester, and Somerset); four pursuivants, or junior heralds (Rouge Dragon, Rouge Croix, Bluemantle, and Portcullis); and various other staff. The College of Arms Foundation Inc. was established in New York City in 1983 to provide heraldic and genealogical information to American citizens. For in-depth treatment of heraldic traditions, see the article heraldry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • College of Arms — Type Corporate body Founded 1484 (London) reincorporated 1555[1] …   Wikipedia

  • College of Arms — n. HERALDS COLLEGE …   English World dictionary

  • College of Arms — Eingang des College of Arms. Oben das königliche Wappen, darunter das eigene Emblem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • College of Arms — Herald Her ald, n. [OE. herald, heraud, OF. heralt, heraut, herault, F. h[ e]raut, LL. heraldus, haraldus, fr. (assumed) OHG. heriwalto, hariwaldo, a (civil) officer who serves the army; hari, heri, army + waltan to manage, govern, G. walten;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • College of Arms — See Arms, College of. See Heralds, College of …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • college of arms — or college of heralds 1. usually capitalized C&A&H a. : a corporation in England dependent upon the crown and consisting of three kings of arms, six heralds, and four pursuivants under the earl marshal s headship who have retained from the middle …   Useful english dictionary

  • College of Arms — The office in England having authority of all matters heraldic, put into place after 1515, comprised of kings of arms, heralds, pursuivants of arms …   Medieval glossary

  • College of Arms —    On the north side of Queen Victoria Street at No. 135 in Castle Baynard s Ward, west of St. Peter s Hill (P.O. Directory).    First mention: Colledge of the Harroldes, 1587 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 108).    Other names : Heralds Office, 1670 (L.… …   Dictionary of London

  • College of Arms. — See Heralds College. * * * …   Universalium

  • College of Arms — noun a collegiate body, incorporated in England in 1483, with jurisdiction over armorial bearings and matters of pedigree. Also, Heralds College …   Australian English dictionary

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