- Zhanjiang [jäŋ′jē äŋ′]city in S China, on the Leizhou Peninsula, Guangdong province: formerly (1898-1946) in territory leased by France: pop. 867,000
* * *Zhan·jiang also Chan·chiang (jänʹjyängʹ) or Chan·kiang (chänʹkyängʹ)A city of southeast China southwest of Guangzhou on an inlet of the South China Sea. It is a seaport and trade center with varied industries. Population: 1,048,720.
* * *▪ ChinaWade-Giles romanization Chan-chiang , formerly Tsamkongcity and major port, southwestern Guangdong sheng (province), China. It is located on Zhanjiang Bay on the eastern side of the Leizhou Peninsula, where it is protected by Naozhou and Donghai islands.Originally Zhanjiang was a minor fishing port in the area dominated by the city of Leizhou (Haikang), some 22 miles (35 km) to the southwest, and at one time harboured a notorious nest of pirates. It first came to prominence when it was occupied by the French in 1898. In 1899 the Chinese were forced to grant France a 99-year lease of the port, the two major islands nearby, and a strip of coastal land, totaling 325 square miles (842 square km). Administratively it was subject to French Indochina. It was then opened as a free port and renamed Fort Bayard. The port, however, did not develop, as the hinterland was not prosperous; instead the French developed access to their sphere of influence in southern China via the railway to Hanoi in what is now northern Vietnam. Zhanjiang was occupied by the Japanese early in 1943 and was returned to Chinese control in 1945.Following the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949, Zhanjiang developed new importance. In 1955 a rail link was built to Litang in Guangxi province, where it joined the Hunan-Guangxi rail system. Since then, Zhanjiang has developed into a major modern port serving southern China, usable by ships of up to 50,000 tons. In 1984 Zhanjiang was designated one of the “open” cities of China, where the central government invited foreign investment; this spurred the city's further industrial development. It has shipyards and engineering works; automobile, electrical-appliance, and textile plants; and sugar refineries, flour and rice mills, and chemical works. In the early 1990s a new rail line was completed, linking Zhanjiang with Guangzhou (Canton) (Canton), the provincial capital. The line was later extended to Hai'an, at the southernmost tip of Leizhou Peninsula, where trains could be transported by ferry across the Hainan Strait to Haikou. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 719,681; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,590,000.
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Zhanjiang — Zhànjiāng · 湛江 Pays Chine … Wikipédia en Français
Zhanjiang — [dʒan dʒjaȖ], Chanchiang, Tschankiang, früher Tsamkong, Stadt in der Provinz Guangdong, Südchina, auf der Halbinsel Leizhou, 401 000 Einwohner; vielseitige, v. a. chemische Industrie; Sonderwirtschaftszone; vor der Küste Erdölförderung, bei… … Universal-Lexikon
Zhanjiang — [jäŋ′jē äŋ′] city in S China, on the Leizhou Peninsula, Guangdong province: formerly (1898 1946) in territory leased by France: pop. 867,000 … English World dictionary
Zhanjiang — This article is about the Chinese city of Zhanjiang, known in French as Fort Bayard. For the fort in the District of Columbia, see Fort Bayard (Washington, D.C.). Zhanjiang 湛江 广州湾 · Kwangchouwan Prefecture level city 湛江市 … Wikipedia
Zhanjiang — Lage der Stadt in China Lage der Stadt in der Provinz Guangdong … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zhanjiang — Situación de Zhanjing en China. Zhanjiang (chino, 湛江; francés, Fort Bayard) es una ciudad de la provincia de Guangdong en el suroeste de China. Se sitúa en la costa occidental de la Península de Leizhou. Sus habitantes hablan el dialexta Min Nan … Wikipedia Español
Zhanjiang — Original name in latin Zhanjiang Name in other language Chan chiang, Chan chiang shih, Chankiang, Chzhan czjan, Fort Bayard, Hsi ying, Kwangchow, Kwangchowan, Kwangchowwan, Tram Giang, Trm Giang, Tsamkong, ZHA, Zhanjiang, Zhanjiang Shi, zhan… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Zhanjiang — (Chang chiang) ► C. del S de China, prov. de Guangdong; 400 997 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Zhanjiang — … Useful english dictionary
Zhanjiang Normal University — (Chinese: 湛江师范学院) is an institution of higher learning in Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province of the People s Republic of China.The history of the university dates back to Leiyang Academy (雷阳书院) founded in 1636. In 1904, it started its education… … Wikipedia