Yurok

Yu·rok (yo͝orʹŏk) n. pl. Yurok or Yu·roks
1.
a. A Native American people inhabiting northwest California along the Pacific coast and lower Klamath River.
b. A member of this people.
2. The language of this people, distantly related to Algonquian.
  [Karok yúruk, downstream.]

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people
      North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast. They spoke a Macro-Algonquian language (Macro-Algonquian languages) and were culturally and linguistically related to the Wiyot. As their traditional territory lay on the border between divergent cultural and ecological areas, the Yurok combined the typical subsistence practices of Northwest Coast Indians (Northwest Coast Indian) with many religious and organizational features common to California Indians (California Indian).

      Traditional Yurok villages were small collections of independent houses owned by individual families. Avoiding unified communities and an overall political authority, village residents sometimes shared rights to general subsistence areas and to the performance of certain rituals. Other rights, such as the right to use specific areas for fishing, hunting, and gathering, generally belonged to particular houses. These rights were acquired by inheritance or dowry, as part of blood money settlements, or by sale. In addition to dwellings, villages had sweat houses, each of which served as a gathering places for the men of an extended patrilineal family. There were also separate shelters to which women retired during menstruation.

      The traditional Yurok economy focused on salmon and acorns. The people also produced excellent basketry and made canoes from redwood trees, selling them to inland tribes. Wealth was counted in strings of dentalium shells, obsidian blades, woodpecker scalps, and albino deerskins. Acquiring wealth was an important goal in Yurok culture. Feuds were common, and payments of blood money were precisely defined according to the seriousness of the offense; the value of a man's life depended on his social status.

      Traditional Yurok religion was concerned with an individual's effort to elicit supernatural aid, especially through ritual cleanliness, and with rituals for the public welfare. The tribe did not practice the potlatch, masked dances, representative carving, and other features typical of their Northwest Coast neighbours. The major ceremonies were those of the World Renewal cycle, which ensured an abundance of food, riches, and general well-being. This cycle included the recitation of magical formulas, repeating the words of an ancient spirit race, and other acts. The spiritual power to cure disease was granted only to women, giving these shamans prestige and a source of wealth (see also shamanism).

      Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 6,000 individuals of Yurok descent.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yurok — Población total 5800 Idioma yurok Etnias relacionadas Wiyot, algonquinos Los yurok son una tribu india de Estados Unidos del tronco macro algonquino o álgico, cuyo nombre procede de yuruk “río abajo”, pero que se hacían llamar Olekwo’l “persona” …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yurok — may refer to: *Yurok tribe, a Native American tribe of northern California *Yurok language, the Algic language of the Yurok tribe *USS Yurok (ATF 164), a fleet tug laid down for the United States Navy in 1945, but converted into a submarine… …   Wikipedia

  • Yurok —   [ jʊərək], entfernt mit dem Algonkin verwandte Sprachfamilie der Kalifornischen Indianer. Die etwa 4 300 Yurok besitzen nahe dem unteren Klamath in Nordwestkalifornien mehrere kleine Reservationen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yurok — Die Yurok sind Indianer der US Westküste, die in Nordkalifornien am unteren Klamath River und an der Pazifikküste lebten. Sie sprechen eine Sprache aus der Algischen Sprachfamilie, deren Zugehörigkeit wissenschaftlich allerdings umstritten ist.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yurok — Cet article concerne la langue yurok. Pour le peuple yurok, voir Yurok. Yurok Parlée aux  Éta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • yurok — ˈyu̇ˌräk, rək noun (plural yurok also yuroks) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : a Ritwan people of northern California b. : a member of such people 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yurok — noun a) A Native American tribe of Northern California. b) A member of this tribe …   Wiktionary

  • Yurok — ISO 639 3 Code : yur ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • yurok — yu·rok …   English syllables

  • Yurok (Sprache) — Yurok Gesprochen in Kalifornien (USA) Sprecher etwa 10 Linguistische Klassifikation Algische Sprachen Yurok …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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