- Vitruvius [vi tro͞o′vē əs]( Marcus Vitruvius Pollio) fl. 1st cent. B.C.; Rom. architect & engineer
* * *Vi·tru·vi·us (vĭ-tro͞oʹvē-əs), In full Marcus Vitruvius Pollio.fl. first century B.C.Roman architect and writer. His De Architectura is the only surviving text on ancient architectural theory.
* * *in full Marcus Vitruvius Pollioflourished 1st century BCRoman architect, engineer, and author of the celebrated treatise De architectura, a handbook for Roman architects.Little is known of his life except what can be gathered from his writings. The treatise is divided into 10 books covering almost every aspect of architecture and city planning. His wish was to preserve the Classical Greek tradition in the design of temples and public buildings, and his prefaces contain many pessimistic remarks about the architecture of the time. His work was the chief authority on ancient Classical architecture throughout the antique revival of the Renaissance, the Classical phase of the Baroque, and the Neoclassical period.
* * *▪ Roman architectin full Marcus Vitruvius Pollioflourished 1st century BCRoman architect, engineer, and author of the celebrated treatise De architectura (On Architecture), a handbook for Roman architects.Little is known of Vitruvius' life, except what can be gathered from his writings, which are somewhat obscure on the subject. Although he nowhere identifies the emperor to whom his work is dedicated, it is likely that the first Augustus is meant and that the treatise was conceived after 27 BC. Since Vitruvius describes himself as an old man, it may be inferred that he was also active during the time of Julius Caesar. Vitruvius himself tells of a basilica he built at Fanum (now Fano).De architectura was based on his own experience, as well as on theoretical works by famous Greek architects such as Hermogenes. The treatise covers almost every aspect of architecture, but it is limited, since it is based primarily on Greek models, from which Roman architecture was soon decisively to depart in order to serve the new needs of proclaiming a world empire. De architectura is divided into 10 books dealing with city planning and architecture in general; building materials; temple construction and the use of the Greek orders; public buildings (theatres, baths); private buildings; floors and stucco decoration; hydraulics; clocks, mensuration, and astronomy; and civil and military engines. Vitruvius' outlook is essentially Hellenistic. His wish was to preserve the classical tradition in the design of temples and public buildings, and his prefaces to the separate books of his treatise contain many pessimistic remarks about the contemporary architecture. Most of what Pliny says in his Natural History about Roman construction methods and wall painting was taken from Vitruvius, though unacknowledged. Vitruvius' expressed desire that his name be honoured by posterity was realized. Throughout the antique revival of the Renaissance, the classical phase of the Baroque, and in the Neoclassical period, his work was the chief authority on ancient classical architecture.The text of De architectura with an English translation is published in the Loeb Classical Library in two volumes.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Vitruvius — kann sein eine Person; siehe Vitruv ein Krater auf dem Mond; siehe Vitruvius (Mondkrater) ein Berg auf dem Mond; siehe Mons Vitruvius Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vitruvius — [vi tro͞o′vē əs] ( Marcus Vitruvius Pollio) fl. 1st cent. B.C.; Rom. architect & engineer … English World dictionary
Vitruvĭus — Vitruvĭus, 1) V. Vaccus, vornehmer Fundaner, stellte sich 330 v. Chr. an die Spitze seiner Landsleute, welche den Privernaten gegen Rom Hülfe leisteten, u. verwüstete das setinische, norbanische u. coranische Gebiet. Vom Consul L. Papirius… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Vitruvius — Vitruvius, Marcus Pollio, ein berühmter röm. Baumeister zu Christi Zeit, verschönerte die Stadt Rom mit sehr vielen Gebäuden, erhielt durch Augustus die Aufsicht über alle öffentlichen Bauten im Reich und st. hochbetagt. Seine vollständig… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Vitruvius — A 1684 depiction of Vitruvius (right) presenting De Architectura to Augustus Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80–70 BC, died after c. 15 BC) was a Roman writer, architect and engineer, active in the 1st century BC. He is best known… … Wikipedia
Vitruvius — (Marcus Vitruvius Pollio; c. 80 25 BCE) Roman engineer and writer who served Emperor Caesar Augustus. Vitruvius was the author of the only architectural treatise from antiquity to have survived, De architectura. Although this text was known… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Vitruvius — biographical name flourished 1st century B.C. Marcus Vitruvius Pollio Roman architect & engineer … New Collegiate Dictionary
Vitruvius — Vitruve Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vitruve (homonymie). Principe de filiation entre les oeuvres des ingénieurs de l Antiquité … Wikipédia en Français
Vitruvius — Vi|t|ruv, Vi|t|ru|vi|us (altrömischer Baumeister) … Die deutsche Rechtschreibung
Vitruvius — … Useful english dictionary