transsexualism

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Self-identification with one sex by a person who has the external genitalia and secondary sexual characteristics of the other sex.

Early in life, such a person adopts the behaviour characteristic of the opposite sex. Surgery and hormone therapy now allow permanent sex change, a procedure first performed in 1952. The male-to-female operation is more common because the genital reconstruction is more satisfactory. The male transsexual's penis and testes are removed and an artificial vagina created; breasts are created with implants or female sex hormones. Female transsexuals may undergo mastectomy and hormone treatments to produce male secondary sexual characteristics, but attempts to create an artificial penis have not been satisfactory.

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      disturbance of gender identity in which the affected person believes that he or she should belong to the opposite sex. The transsexual male, for example, is born with normal male genitalia and other secondary characteristics of the masculine sex; very early in life, however, he identifies with women and behaves in a manner appropriate to the female sex. His sexual orientation is generally one of attraction to other males. Unlike the male homosexual, however, the transsexual male desires to relate to other men and be treated by them as if he were a normal female.

      With the development of successful surgical techniques and hormone therapy, several thousand transsexuals, male and female, have undergone a permanent sex change. Although both male and female transsexuals exist, the male-to-female operation is more common because the genital reconstruction is more satisfactory. The male transsexual's penis and testes are removed and an artificial vagina is created; breast implants may be inserted, although some breast development usually is promoted with the use of feminizing hormones. Female transsexuals may undergo mastectomy and hormone treatments to produce the male secondary sexual characteristics, but attempts to create an artificial penis have not been particularly satisfactory.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transsexualism — is a condition in which a person identifies with a physical sex different from the one with which they were born. A medical diagnosis can be made if a person experiences discomfort as a result of a desire to be a member of the opposite sex,cite… …   Wikipedia

  • transsexualism — TRANSSEXUALÍSM s. n. sentiment delirant, dorinţă de a aparţine sexului opus. (< fr. transsexualisme) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • transsexualism — intense desire to change one s sexual status, including the anatomical structure, 1953, coined by U.S. physician Harry Benjamin (1885 1986) from TRANS (Cf. trans ) + SEXUAL (Cf. sexual). Transsexuality is recorded from 1941, but was used at first …   Etymology dictionary

  • Transsexualism — Consistently strong desire to change one’s anatomical gender. Some transsexuals were misassigned gender at birth (for example, being anatomically male but raised as female), either on purpose or due to indistinct anatomy. Most, however, are… …   Medical dictionary

  • transsexualism — transsexual (also transexual) ► NOUN ▪ a person born with the physical characteristics of one sex who emotionally and psychologically feels that they belong to the opposite sex. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to such a person. DERIVATIVES transsexualism… …   English terms dictionary

  • transsexualism — noun see transsexual …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • transsexualism — noun The state of being transsexual. Syn: transsexuality …   Wiktionary

  • transsexualism — транссексуализм …   Термины гендерных исследований

  • transsexualism — trans·sexualism …   English syllables

  • transsexualism — n. the condition of one who firmly believes that he (or she) belongs to the sex opposite to his (or her) biological gender. Children with such beliefs are treated with encouragement to engage in the activities appropriate to their biological sex… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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