syntrophism

syn·tro·phism (sĭn-trōʹfĭz'əm) also syn·tro·phy (sĭnʹtrə-fē) n.
A biological relationship in which microorganisms of two different species or strains are mutually dependent on one another for nutritional requirements.

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      mutual dependence of different types of organisms for the satisfaction of their respective nutritional needs. The intermediate or end products of metabolism of one organism are essential materials for another. Syntrophism is exemplified in the mixed population of an ecosystem (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • syntrophism — (sin trōf izěm) The association in which the growth of one organism either depends on, or is improved by, the provision of one or more growth factors or nutrients by a neighboring organism. Sometimes both organisms benefit. This type of mutualism …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • syntrophism — State of mutual dependence, with reference to food supply, of organs or cells of a plant or an animal. [syn + G. trophe, nourishment] * * * syn·tro·phism sin trə .fiz əm n mutual dependence (as of different strains of bacteria) for the… …   Medical dictionary

  • syntrophism — syn·tro·phism …   English syllables

  • syntrophism — ˈsin.trəˌfizəm noun Etymology: syntrophic + ism : mutual dependence (as of different strains of bacteria) for the satisfaction of nutritional needs : syntrophic state …   Useful english dictionary

  • nutrition — nutritional, nutritionary, adj. nutritionally, adv. /nooh trish euhn, nyooh /, n. 1. the act or process of nourishing or of being nourished. 2. the science or study of, or a course of study in, nutrition, esp. of humans. 3. the process by which… …   Universalium

  • satellite phenomenon — See syntrophism …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Microbial enhanced oil recovery — (MEOR) is a biological based technology consisting in manipulating function or structure, or both, of microbial environments existing in oil reservoirs. The ultimate aim of MEOR is to improve the recovery of oil entrapped in porous media while… …   Wikipedia

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