supervenience

See supervenient.

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In philosophy, the asymmetrical relation of ontological dependence that holds between two generically different sets of properties (e.g., mental and physical properties) if and only if every change in an object's properties belonging to the first set
the supervening properties
entails and is due to a change in properties belonging to the second set (the base properties).

Supervenience has often been appealed to by philosophers who want to uphold physicalism while rejecting the identity theory: Though it may be impossible to identify mental properties with physical properties in a one-to-one fashion, mental properties may still supervene on, and thus be grounded in, physical properties. Thus, no two things that are physically alike can be mentally (or psychologically) different, and a being's mental properties will be determined by its physical ones.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Supervenience — In philosophy, supervenience is a kind of dependency relationship, typically held to obtain between sets of properties. According to one standard definition, a set of properties A supervenes on a set of properties B, if and only if any two… …   Wikipedia

  • supervenience — Term introduced by Hare to describe the way that ethical properties relate to other, psychological and natural properties of things. Properties of one kind, F, supervene upon those of another kind, G, when things are F in virtue of being G. Thus… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • supervenience — noun The state or quality of being supervenient, of being in a dependency relationship such that an object with the supervened properties must also have the supervening properties See Also: superdupervenience, supervene, supervenient,… …   Wiktionary

  • supervenience — n. surprising event, unexpected occurrence …   English contemporary dictionary

  • supervenience — su·per·ve·nience …   English syllables

  • supervenience — ˌsüpə(r)ˈvēnyən(t)s noun ( s) Etymology: from supervenient, after such pairs as English excellent : excellence : the character, condition, or fact of being supervenient …   Useful english dictionary

  • supervene — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • supervenient — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Supervening — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • supervene — supervenience /sooh peuhr veen yeuhns/, supervention /sooh peuhr ven sheuhn/, n. supervenient /sooh peuhr veen yeuhnt/, adj. /sooh peuhr veen /, v.i., supervened, supervening. 1. to take place or occur as something additional or extraneous… …   Universalium

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