- Shamash [shä′mäsh]n.〚< Akkadian shamshu, sun〛Bab. & Assyr. Myth. the sun god, responsible for summer warmth and the success of crops, and a symbol for justice
* * *Sha·mash (shäʹmäsh') n. MythologyThe sun god of Assyro-Babylonian religion, worshiped as the author of justice and compassion.[Akkadian Šamaš, absolute form of šamšu, sun. See šmš in Semitic Roots.]
* * *In Mesopotamian religion, the god of the sun, who, with his father, Sin, and the goddess Ishtar, was part of an astral triad of divinities.As the solar god, Shamash was the heroic conqueror of night and death, and he became known as the god of justice and equity. He was said to have presented the Code of Hammurabi to the Babylonian king. At night he served as judge of the underworld. The chief centres of his cult were at Larsa and Sippar.
* * *▪ Mesopotamian godin Mesopotamian religion, the god of the sun, who, with the moon god, Sin (Sumerian: Nanna), and Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), the goddess of Venus, was part of an astral triad of divinities. Shamash was the son of Sin.Shamash, as the solar deity, exercised the power of light over darkness and evil. In this capacity he became known as the god of justice and equity and was the judge of both gods and men. (According to legend, the Babylonian king Hammurabi received his code of laws from Shamash.) At night, Shamash became judge of the underworld.Shamash was not only the god of justice but also governor of the whole universe; in this aspect he was pictured seated on a throne, holding in his hand the symbols of justice and righteousness, a staff and a ring. Also associated with Shamash is the notched dagger. The god is often pictured with a disk that symbolized the Sun.As the god of the sun, Shamash was the heroic conqueror of night and death who swept across the heavens on horseback or, in some representations, in a boat or chariot. He bestowed light and life. Because he was of a heroic and wholly ethical character, he only rarely figured in mythology, where the gods behaved all too often like mortals. The chief centres of his cult were at Larsa in Sumer and at Sippar in Akkad. Shamash's consort was Aya, who was later absorbed by Ishtar.
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SHAMASH — Le dieu Soleil du panthéon assyro babylonien. L’idéogramme qui le désignait primitivement représentait un disque solaire apparaissant entre deux montagnes, à l’est de la Mésopotamie. Il est fils du dieu Lune, Sin, et de Ningal, sa parèdre; le… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Shamash — es el dios del Sol en la mitología mesopotámica. Para los sumerios recibía el nombre de Utu. Junto con Sin e Ishtar, miembro de la Tríada semita de dioses con relaciones celestes que se incorporó al panteón mesopotámico desde el Periodo Acadio.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Shamash — [shä′mäsh] n. [< Akkadian shamshu, sun] Bab. & Assyr. Myth. the sun god, responsible for summer warmth and the success of crops, and a symbol for justice … English World dictionary
Shamash — For the Canaanite sun godess, see Shemesh Shamash was the common Akkadian name of the sun god and god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu.History and meaningThe name simply means sun . Both in early and in late… … Wikipedia
Shamash — Culte de Shamash, sceau cylindre et son impression, musée du Louvre … Wikipédia en Français
Shamash — The Babylonian sun god, who was closely associated with the older Sumerian solar deity, Utu, and whose symbol was the solar disk. Shamash s father was Nanna, god of the moon; his sister was Inanna, goddess of love and sexual passion; and his… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
SHAMASH — Babylonian sun god. According to the personal names from the Akkadperiod, the sun deity, as in other Semitic cultures, may have originally been female. In Mesopotamia, Shamash became identified with the Sumerian sun god Utu, whose shrine was… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Shamash — Grabado en el código de Hammurabi, que representa al dios Shamash sentado frente al conquistador babilonio. Como deidad de la justicia, Sahamash entrega a Hammurabi las leyes que debían seguir los hombres. Shamash (Utu para los sumerios) era el… … Wikipedia Español
Shamash — noun The common Akkadian name of the sun god and god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu … Wiktionary
Shamash — Solgud (Babylonisk Assyrisk) … Danske encyklopædi