Se·mey (sĕ-māʹ) or Sem·i·pa·la·tinsk (sĕm'ē-pə-läʹtĭnsk)
A city of northeast Kazakhstan on the Irtysh River southeast of Omsk, Russia. Founded as a fortress in 1718, it is a port and processing center. Population: 342,000.

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formerly (until 1991) Semipalatinsk

Port city (pop., 1999: 269,600) on the Irtysh (Ertis) River, eastern Kazakhstan.

It was founded as a Russian fort in 1718 and was moved to its present site in 1778, at the junction of caravan trails; before 1917 more than 11,000 camels passed through the city annually. In the early 20th century it was connected by rail to Siberia and other parts of Central Asia. It has one of the largest meat-packing plants in Kazakhstan. Its name was changed after Kazakhstan attained independence in 1991.

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formerly  called Semipalatinsk, 

      city, eastern Kazakhstan. It is a port on the Irtysh (Ertis) River where the latter emerges into the West Siberian Plain.

      It was founded as a Russian fort in 1718, 11 miles (18 km) downstream from the present site, near the ruins of a Buddhist monastery consisting of seven buildings, from which it got the name Semipalatinsk, meaning “seven-halled.” It was moved to its present site in 1778 to escape regular flooding in the spring. Semipalatinsk lay at the junction of caravan trails from Mongolia to Russia and from Siberia to Central Asia, and before the 1917 Revolution more than 11,000 camels passed through annually. The writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky spent the years 1854–59 in Semipalatinsk in exile as a soldier in a line battalion. The city's growth was furthered by the arrival of the railway from Siberia in 1906 and the completion of the Turk-Sib line to Central Asia in 1931. Its name was changed to Semey after Kazakhstan's independence in 1991.

      The chief economic activities are food processing and other light industries. The city has one of the largest meat-packing plants in Kazakhstan, as well as textile, clothing, and footwear factories and a large cement works. There are teacher-training, medical, and veterinary institutes, a theatre, and three museums. The gates of the 18th-century fort survive. Pop. (1995 est.) 320,200.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Semey — Semei Семей Wappen Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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