Benedict XV, Originally Giacomo della Chiesa. 1854-1922.
Pope (1914-1922) who sponsored World War I relief efforts and sought to mediate peace.
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Encyclical — An encyclical was originally a circular letter sent to all the churches of a particular area in the ancient Christian church. At that time, the word could be used for a letter sent out by any bishop. The word comes from Latin encyclia (from the… … Wikipedia