- A city of southern Greece in the northwest Peloponnesus on the Gulf of Pátrai, or Gulf of Patras, an inlet of the Ionian Sea. The city was an important trade center by the fifth century B.C. but declined before the Roman conquest of Greece (146 B.C.). Its commercial importance revived during the Middle Ages. Population: 142,163.
* * *▪ Greecealso called Patrae , or Patrascity, capital of the nomós (department) of Achaea, and chief port of the Peloponnese and one of the largest ports in Greece, on the Gulf of Patraïkós.A legendary federation of three villages—Aroë, Antheia, and Mesatis—Pátrai received its name from the Achaean leader Patreus and became one of the 12 cities of Achaea. About 280 BC it helped to form the anti-Macedonian Achaean League. After the Battle of Actium (31 BC), the Roman emperor Augustus colonized it, and as such it prospered commercially until about the 3rd century AD. St. Andrew (Andrew, Saint), the first disciple of Christ, is said to have been crucified there.In the 8th and 9th centuries its population was increased by refugees from the Slavic invasion of the Peloponnese; St. Andrew was confirmed as patron for his supposed role in resisting the combined Slavic and Saracen attack of 805 or 807. In 1205 it became a Frankish barony and the seat of an autonomous Latin archbishop, who later sold it to Venice (1408). It was long contested by Venetians and Turks. Pátrai was the see of Bishop Germanos, who in 1821 raised the standard of the Greek War of Independence at Kalávrita. The Turks burned the city (which was not freed until 1828) before retreating, and the current grid plan of Pátrai dates from the reconstruction.Since 1899 the seat of a metropolitan bishop of the Orthodox church, Pátrai was previously an archbishopric. The chief exports are currants, sultanas, tobacco, olives and olive oil, figs, citrons, wine, brandy, hides, and valonias (dried acorn cups used in tanning and leather dressing).An important port of call on shipping lanes between Greece and the West, it is linked by rail to Corinth, Athens, and Kalámai. The port is overlooked by a Byzantine-Turkish-Venetian fortress on the site of the ancient acropolis and is a major port for car-ferry services between Greece and the east coast of Italy. Pop. (1981) 142,163.
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Patrai — Sp Pãtrai Ap Πάτραι/Patrai sen. graikų kalba Ap Patrae lotyniškai Ap Πάτρα/Patra graikiškai L Graikijos adm. sr., Achajos nomo ir V Graikijos adm. sr. centras … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Patrai — Gemeinde Patras Δήμος Πατρέων (Πάτρα) DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Patrai — geographical name see Patras … New Collegiate Dictionary
Pátrai — gr. Patrasso … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Patrai — noun a port city in western Greece in the northwestern Peloponnese on an inlet of the Ionian Sea; was a major trade center from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century BC; commercial importance revived during the Middle Ages • Syn: ↑Patras •… … Useful english dictionary
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