Balenciaga, Cristóbal

Ba·len·ci·a·ga (bə-lĕn'sē-äʹgə), Cristóbal. 1895-1972.
Spanish fashion designer noted for his stark, elegant designs.

* * *

born Jan. 21, 1895, Guetaria, Spain
died March 23, 1972, Valencia

Spanish-French fashion designer.

He studied dressmaking as a child and was inspired to become a couturier by a visit to Paris. By age 20 he had his own firm in San Sebastián. Over the next 15 years Balenciaga became the leading couturier of Spain. In 1937, when the Spanish Civil War disrupted his business, he moved to Paris. For the next 30 years his collections featured sumptuously elegant dresses and suits. Balenciaga helped popularize the trend toward capes and flowing clothes without waistlines in the late 1950s as well as the use of plastic for rainwear in the mid 1960s. He retired in 1968.

* * *

▪ Spanish designer
born Jan. 21, 1895, Guetaria, Spain
died March 23, 1972, Valencia
 Spanish dress designer who created elegant ball gowns and other classic designs.

      Balenciaga began seriously studying dressmaking at the age of 10, when the death of his father, a sea captain, made it necessary for his mother to support the family by sewing. His first trip to Paris at 15 inspired him to become a couturier, and by age 20 he had his own dressmaking establishment at the fashionable summer resort of San Sebastián in Spain.

      In the next 15 years Balenciaga became the leading couturier of Spain. In 1937, when the Spanish Civil War disrupted his business, he moved to Paris. For the next 30 years his collections featured sumptuously elegant dresses and suits. Balenciaga helped popularize the trend toward capes and flowing clothes without waistlines in the late 1950s and the use of plastic for rainwear in the mid-1960s. In 1968 the house of Balenciaga closed, and he retired.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Balenciaga, Cristobal — (1895 1972)    Born in Guetaria, Spain, Balenciaga opened his first salon in Madrid in 1920. Civil war broke out in Spain in 1936 and Balenciaga was forced to close his three couture houses and relocate to Paris. In 1937, he presented his first… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Balenciaga, Cristóbal — (21 ene. 1895, Guetaria, España–23 mar. 1972, Valencia). Diseñador de modas francoespañol. De niño estudió el arte y oficio de la costura. Una visita que realizó a París fue su fuente de inspiración para volcarse al diseño de modas. A los 20 años …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cristóbal Balenciaga — Cristobal Balenciaga, 1950 Born January 21, 1895(1895 01 21) Getaria, Gipuzkoa, Spain Died …   Wikipedia

  • BALENCIAGA (C.) — BALENCIAGA CRISTOBAL (1895 1972) Issu d’un modeste village de pêcheurs en Espagne, Balenciaga, «le couturier des couturiers», est devenu l’arbitre de l’élégance parisienne. Soucieux de rejeter les effets faciles alors que dans le contexte de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cristobal Balenciaga — Cristóbal Balenciaga (* 21. Januar 1895 in Getaria, Spanien; † 23. März 1972 in Jávea, Spanien) war ein einflussreicher Modeschöpfer der Haute Couture. Balenciaga wurde als Sohn eines baskischen Fischers und einer Näherin geboren. Gefördert durch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cristobal Balenciaga — Cristóbal Balenciaga Cristóbal Balenciaga Eizaguirre, né le 21 janvier 1895 à Getaria petit village de pêcheurs de la côte basque espagnole et décédé le 23 mars 1972 à Valence, était un grand couturier espagnol. Son style… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Balenciaga — Cristóbal Balenciaga (* 21. Januar 1895 in Getaria, Spanien; † 23. März 1972 in Jávea, Spanien) war ein einflussreicher Modeschöpfer der Haute Couture. Balenciaga wurde als Sohn eines baskischen Fischers und einer Näherin geboren. Gefördert durch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Balenciaga — Cristóbal Balenciaga Cristóbal Balenciaga Eizaguirre, né le 21 janvier 1895 à Getaria petit village de pêcheurs de la côte basque espagnole et décédé le 23 mars 1972 à Valence, était un grand couturier espagnol. Son style… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cristóbal — de la Sierra es un municipio en la provincia de Salamanca, en la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León, España. Está a una distancia de 63 km de Salamanca, la capital provincial. Al 2003 cuenta con una población de 235 habitantes, de los cuales… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cristobal — /kri stoh beuhl/, n. a seaport in Panama at the Atlantic end of the Panama Canal, adjacent to Colón. 11,600. Spanish, Cristóbal /krddees taw bahl/. * * * (as used in expressions) Balenciaga Cristóbal Cristóbal Colón San Cristóbal Island * * * ▪… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.