Select nutrient-deficiency diseases

Table
Select nutrient-deficiency diseases
disease (and key nutrient involved) symptoms foods rich in key nutrient
xerophthalmia
(vitamin A) blindness from chronic eye infections, poor growth, dryness and keratinization of epithelial tissues liver, fortified milk, sweet potatoes, spinach, greens, carrots, cantaloupe, apricots
(vitamin D) weakened bones, bowed legs, other bone deformities fortified milk, fish oils, sun exposure
(thiamin) nerve degeneration, altered muscle
coordination, cardiovascular problems pork, whole and enriched grains, dried beans, sunflower seeds
(niacin) diarrhea, skin inflammation, dementia mushrooms, bran, tuna, chicken, beef, peanuts, whole and enriched grains
(vitamin C) delayed wound healing, internal bleeding, abnormal formation of bones and teeth citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli
iron-deficiency anemia (iron deficiency anemia)
(iron) decreased work output, reduced growth,
increased health risk in pregnancy meat, spinach, seafood, broccoli, peas, bran, whole-grain and enriched breads
(iodine) enlarged thyroid gland, poor growth in infancy and childhood, possible mental retardation, cretinism iodized salt, saltwater fish
Source: Gordon M. Wardlaw, Perspectives in Nutrition (1999).
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Universalium. 2010.

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