Selected phases characteristic of liquid-crystal-forming molecules

Table
Selected phases characteristic of liquid-crystal-forming molecules
phase order
isotropic liquid full continuous translational and rotational symmetry
nematic molecular orientation breaks rotational symmetry
untilted tilted
smectic-A smectic-C layering breaks translational symmetry; smectic-C molecules are tilted
hexatic-B smectic-F bond orientational order breaks rotational symmetry within layers
crystal-B crystal-G crystallization breaks translational symmetry within layers; molecules may rotate about their long axis
crystal-E crystal-H molecular rotation freezes out
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Universalium. 2010.

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