Physical properties of selected alcohols

Table
Physical properties of selected alcohols
IUPAC name common name formula mp (°C)
methanol methyl alcohol CH3OH   −97
ethanol ethyl alcohol CH3CH2OH −114
1-propanol n-propyl alcohol CH3CH2CH2OH −126
2-propanol isopropyl alcohol (CH3)2CHOH   −89
1-butanol n-butyl alcohol CH3(CH2)3OH   −90
2-butanol sec-butyl alcohol (CH3)CH(OH)CH2CH3 −114
2-methyl-1-propanol isobutyl alcohol (CH3)2CHCH2OH −108
2-methyl-2-propanol t-butyl alcohol (CH3)3COH     25
1-pentanol n-pentyl alcohol CH3(CH2)4OH   −79
3-methyl-1-butanol isopentyl alcohol (CH3)2CHCH2CH2OH −117
2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol neopentyl alcohol (CH3)3CCH2OH     52
cyclopentanol cyclopentyl alcohol cyclo-C5H9OH   −19
1-hexanol n-hexanol CH3(CH2)5OH   −52
cyclohexanol cyclohexyl alcohol cyclo-C6H11OH     25
1-heptanol n-heptyl alcohol CH3(CH2)6OH   −34
1-octanol n-octyl alcohol CH3(CH2)7OH   −16
1-nonanol n-nonyl alcohol CH3(CH2)8OH     −6
1-decanol n-decyl alcohol CH3(CH2)9OH       6
2-propen-1-ol allyl alcohol H2C d;CH−CH2OH −129
phenylmethanol benzyl alcohol Ph−CH2OH*   −15
diphenylmethanol diphenylcarbinol Ph2CHOH*     69
triphenylmethanol triphenylcarbinol Ph3COH*   162
IUPAC name bp (°C) density (grams per millilitre) solubility in water
methanol   65 0.79 miscible
ethanol   78 0.79 miscible
1-propanol   97 0.80 miscible
2-propanol   82 0.79 miscible
1-butanol 118 0.81 9.1%
2-butanol 100 0.81 7.7%
2-methyl-1-propanol 108 0.80 10.0%
2-methyl-2-propanol   83 0.79 miscible
1-pentanol 138 0.82 2.7%
3-methyl-1-butanol 132 0.81 2.0%
2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol 113 0.81 3.5%
cyclopentanol 141 0.95
1-hexanol 156 0.82 0.6%
cyclohexanol 162 0.96 3.6%
1-heptanol 176 0.82 0.1%
1-octanol 194 0.83
1-nonanol 214 0.83
1-decanol 233 0.83
2-propen-1-ol   97 0.86
phenylmethanol 205 1.05
diphenylmethanol 298
triphenylmethanol 380 1.20
*Ph represents the phenyl group, C6H5—.
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Universalium. 2010.

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