Evolutionary relationships of bile alcohols and bile acids

Table
Evolutionary relationships of bile alcohols and
bile acids
species bile alcohol or bile acid (trivial name)
Elasmobranch fishes
Myxine glutinosa (hagfish) 5 b1;-cholestane-3 b2;,7 b1;,16 b1;,26-tetrol (myxinol)
Mustelus manazo (dogfish) 5 b2;-cholestane-3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;,24,26,27-hexol (scymnol)
Teleostian fishes
Latimeria chalumnae (coelacanth) 5 b1;-cholestane-3 b2;,7 b1;,12 b1;,26,27-pentol (latimerol)
Cyprinus carpio (carp) 5 b1;-cholestane-3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;,26,27-pentol (5 b1;-cyprinol)
Amphibians
Rana temporaria (frog) 5 b1;,27-norcholestane-3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;,24,26-pentol (5 b1;-ranol)
Bufo vulgaris japonica (toad) 5 b2;-cholestane-3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;,25,26-pentol (5 b2;-bufol)
Reptiles
Alligator mississippiensis (alligator) 3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;-trihydroxy-5 b2;-cholestan-27-oic acid (trihydroxycoprostanoic acid)
Bitis arietans (puff adder) 3 b1;,12 b1;,23-trihydroxy-5 b1;-cholanoic acid (bitocholic acid)
Birds
Anser domesticus (goose) 3 b1;,7 b1;-dihydroxy-5 b2;-cholanoic acid (chenodeoxycholic acid)
Mammals
humans and most (but not all) other species 3 b1;,7 b1;,12 b1;-trihydroxy-5 b2;-cholanoic acid (cholic acid)
3 b1;,12 b1;-dihydroxy-5 b2;-cholanoic acid (deoxycholic acid)
3 b1;-hydroxy-5 b2;-cholanoic acid (lithocholic acid)
See as table:

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • steroid — /stear oyd, ster /, Biochem. n. 1. any of a large group of fat soluble organic compounds, as the sterols, bile acids, and sex hormones, most of which have specific physiological action. adj. 2. Also, steroidal /sti royd l, ste /. pertaining to or …   Universalium

  • poison — poisoner, n. poisonless, adj. poisonlessness, n. /poy zeuhn/, n. 1. a substance with an inherent property that tends to destroy life or impair health. 2. something harmful or pernicious, as to happiness or well being: the poison of slander. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Choline — The N,N,N trimethylethanolammonium cation, with an undefined counteranion, X− Choline is a water soluble essential nutrient.[1][ …   Wikipedia

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